Economy                                                    l  The percentage of nitrogen present in ammo-
                                                              nium sulphate is 27%
   l   Externality theory is the basic theory of Envir-
       onomics                                             l  Ethanol containing 5% water is known as Rec-
                                                              tified spirit
   l   “Functional Finance” is associated with Abba
       ‘P’ Lerner                                          l  Trans boundary pollution acid rain is caused by
                                                              Nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide
                      Success Tip
                                                           l  Stains of rust on clothes can be removed by
 Functional finance is an economic theory proposed            Oxalic acid
 by Abba P. Lerner, based on effective demand princi-
 ples and chartalism. It states that government         Biology
 should finance itself to meet explicit goals, such as     l  In dicots the pollen-grains possess three germ
 taming the business cycle, achieving full employ-            pores
 ment, ensuring growth, and low inflation                  l  Acceptable “Noise Pollution Level” in India range
   l Diamonds are priced higher than water because            between 40–45 dec
       their marginal utility to buyers is higher than     l  Egg yolk contains Protein and Fat
       that of water                                       l  DPT vaccine is administered to prevent diseases
   l Free trade Centres is restricted to Special Eco-         like Diphtheria, Pertussis and Typhoid
       nomic Zones
                                                                              Success Tip
                      Success Tip                        DPT refers to a class of combination vaccines against
 A special economic zone (SEZ) is an area in which       three infectious diseases in humans: diphtheria,
 business and trade laws are different from the rest     pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus.
 of the country. SEZs are located within a country’s     The vaccine components include diphtheria and tet-
 national borders, and their aims include: increased     anus toxoids and killed whole cells of the organism
 trade, increased investment, job creation and effec-    that cause pertussis
 tive administration                                       l Hypothermia occurs due to loss of excessive heat
   l The most powerful woman in business in India             from body due to sudden low body temperature
       as rated by the “Fortune” for the year 2016 is         in Human beings
       Arundhati Bhattacharya
                                                                              Success Tip
Physics                                                  Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs
   l   Binary system would be recognised by digital      when your body loses heat faster than it can pro-
       circuits                                          duce heat, causing a dangerously low body temper-
   l   ‘Farad’ is the unit of Capacitance                ature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F
                                                         (37 C). Hypothermia occurs as your body tempera-
                      Success Tip                        ture passes below 95 F (35 C)
 It is named after Michael Faraday. The farad mea-
                                                           l The disease that has been eradicated from the
 sures how much electric charge is accumulated on
                                                              world is Small pox
 the capacitor. 1 farad is the capacitance of a capac-
                                                           l Blood is a connective tissue
 itor that has charge of 1 coulomb when applied volt-
 age drop of 1 volt                                                           Success Tip
   l Microwaves is odd among Optical fibre, twisted      Blood is considered a connective tissue for two ba-
       pair wire, Microwaves and Coaxial cable,.         sic reasons: (1) embryologically, it has the same or-
   l Communication satellites are used to receive        igin (mesodermal) as do the other connective tissue
       and redirect communication signal                 types and (2) blood connects the body systems to-
   l Steel is more elastic than rubber because it is
                                                         gether bringing the needed oxygen, nutrients, hor-
       deformed very easily                              mones and other signaling molecules, and removing
                                                         the wastes
Chemistry                                                  l The hormone used as an oral contraceptive is
   l   Endosulfan spray on cashew crop resulted in the        Progesterone
       pollution to the tune of tragedy in Kerala          l Blood group was discovered by Landsteiner
                      Success Tip                       Miscellaneous
 Endosulfan became a highly controversial                  l  Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and
 agrichemical due to its acute toxicity, potential            Development–2012 was awarded to Ell en
 for bioaccumulation, and role as an endocrine dis-
                                                              Johnson Sirleaf
 ruptor. Because of its threats to human health and
 the environment, a global ban on the manufacture                             Success Tip
 and use of endosulfan was negotiated under              Last Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace was given to UN-
 the Stockholm Convention in April 2011                  HCR in 2015.