Biology                                                                       Success Tip
    l  The infective stage of Malaria is Sporozoite      Ram Sharan Sharma, commonly referred to as R. S.
    l  Germplasm bank is meant for the ex -situ con-     Sharma, was an eminent historian and academic of
       servation of various species                      Ancient and early Medieval India. He taught at Pat-
                                                         na University and Delhi University and was visiting
                       Success Tip
                                                         faculty at University of Toronto
 The Germplasm Bank is a collection of live plant                     th
                                                           l The 34      National Games were held in 2011 in
 matter, in the form of seeds and spores. Its general
 mission is: Locate, collect and conserve plants con-
 sidered to be of priority importance to our society.                         Success Tip
    l Photosynthetic vesicle found in bacteria is called The 36th national games were held in 2016 in Goa
       a Chromatophore                                     l Tohra is the sacred book of Judaism
                       Success Tip                         l The 98th Indian Science Con gress was held in
                                                              2011 at Chennai
 Chromatophores are pigment-containing and light-
 reflecting cells, or groups of cells, found in a wide                        Success Tip
 range of animals including amphibians, fish, rep-       Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) is a pre-
 tiles, crustaceans and cephalopods.                     mier scientific organisation of India with headquar-
    l Wheat, Barley, Lemon, Orange, rye, and pearl       ters at Kolkata, West Bengal. The association started
       millet belong to two plant families               in the year 1914 in Kolkata and it meets annually
    l A plant known only in cultiva tion having aris-    in the first week of January. It has a membership of
       en under domes tication is referred to as Culti-  more than 30,000 scientists. 104rd Indian Science
       gens                                              Congress was held in 2017 in Tirupati
                       Success Tip                         l Human Development Index was formulated by
 A cultigens is a plant that has been deliberately al-        UNDP
 tered or selected by humans; it is the result of arti-    l Maleeha Lodhi is the author of the book ‘Paki-
 ficial selection. These “man-made” or anthropogen-           stan: Beyond the Crisis State’
 ic plants are, for the most part, plants of commerce
 that are used in horticulture, agriculture and forestry    SSC Graduate Level Tier-1 Exam
    l Drying oils contain a fairly large proportion of                Held on: 08.07.2012
       Unsaturated fatty acids                                 (North Zone: Morning Shift-1)
                       Success Tip
 An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which
                                                         Medieval History
 there is at least one double bond within the fatty        l  Prithvi Raj Chauhan was defeated in the Sec-
 acid chain. A fatty acid chain is monounsaturated            ond Battle of Tarain by Muhammad Ghori
 if it contains one double bond and polyunsaturated           Success Tip: Fought in 1192
 if it contains more than one double bond.
                                                           l  The original name of Nana Phadnavis was Bala-
    l The red, orange and yellow co lours of leaves are       ji Janardan Bhanu
       due to Carotenoids
                                                                              Success Tip
                       Success Tip                       Nana Phadnavis, born Balaji Janardan Bhanu, was
 Carotenoids are plant pigments responsible for bright   an influential minister and statesman of the Mar-
 red, yellow and orange hues in many fruits and veg-     atha Empire during the Peshwa administration in
 etables. These pigments play an important role in       Pune
 plant health.                                             l The city of Prayag was named Allahabad the
    l Polar bears hold cures for Type II diabetes             city of Allah by Akbar
    l The disease that kills more peo ple than lung
                                                         Modern History
       cancer as a conse quence of air pollution is
       Emphysema                                           l  Lord Canning was the First Viceroy of India
                       Success Tip                                            Success Tip
 Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmo-       Lord Canning served as Governor General of India
                                                         from 1856 to 1862. During his tenure, the Govern-
 nary disease. It is a chronic, ongoing, progressive
                                                         ment of India Act, 1858 was passed which created
 disease of the lower respiratory tract in the lungs
                                                         the office of Viceroy to be held by the same person
Miscellaneous                                            who was Governor General of India
    l  Ram Sharan Sharma, who died in 2011 was an          l Mahatma Gandhi was the first who propound-
       eminent Indologist                                     ed the idea of Basic Education