Success Tip                                            Success Tip
 The Attorney General of India is the Indian govern-     Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan or SSA, is aimed at the uni-
 ment’s chief legal advisor, and its primary lawyer in   versalisation of elementary edu-cation ”in a time
 the Supreme Court of India. He is appointed by the      bound manner”, as mandated by the 86th Amend-
 President of India under Article 76 (1) of the Consti-  ment to the Constitution of India making free and
 tution and holds office during the pleasure of the      compulsory education to children between the ages
 President.                                              of 6 to 14 a fundamental right.
   l Main cause for agitations for separate states in      l  As per 2011 census, in India the number of fe-
      India is growing regional imbalances                    males per thousand males is 940
   l A government is classified as federal or unitary
                                                           l  Wanchoo Committee dealt with Direct Taxes
      on the basis of relations between the centre and
      states                                                                  Success Tip
   l Political parties is an essential ingredient of     Justice Wanchoo headed a committee constituted
      parliamentary government                           by the Central Government (1971), which recom-
   l ‘EVM’ stands for Electronic Voting Machine          mended setting up of Income Tax Settlement Com-
                                                         mission, to serve as an alternative Dispute resolu-
                       Success Tip
                                                         tion body. The Commission was set up with effect
 The EVMs are manufactured by two central govern-
                                                         from 1.4.1976.
 ment undertakings viz. Bharat Electronics Limited
 and Electronics Corporation of India Limited. An          l  As per the 2011 population census, the most
 EVM consists of two interlinked units viz. ballot unit       populous state in the country is Uttar Pradesh
 (used by voter uses to exercise his/ her vote) and     Physics
 control unit (used by the polling officials).
                                                           l  A person opens his mouth on hearing a thunder
   l The word ‘Secular is a part of the Preamble of
                                                              in order to equalise pressure of air on both
      the Constitution of India after the 42nd amend-
                                                              sides of the ear drum
                                                           l  When ice is heated from 0° C to 10° C, the vol-
                       Success Tip
                                                              ume of water first increases then decreases
 The 42nd Amendment changed the description of In-
                                                           l  Two bodies of the same mass are thrown with
 dia from a “sovereign democratic republic” to a “sov-
                                                              equal speed from the top of a tower simul-ta-
 ereign, socialist secular democratic republic”, and
                                                              neously. One body (x) is thrown vertically down-
 also changed the words “unity of the nation” to “uni-
                                                              wards. The other (y) is thrown horizontally, both
 ty and integrity of the nation”.
                                                              reaches ground with same Kinetic energy
   l  Law of ‘Use and disuse’ was proposed by Lamarck      l  An apparatus used for locating submerged ob-
                       Success Tip                            jects is known as sonar
 Lamarck is best known for his Theory                                         Success Tip
 of Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics, first pre-  Sonar (originally an acronym for Sound Navigation
 sented in 1801: If an organism changes during life      And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound prop-
 in order to adapt to its environment, those changes     agation (usually underwater, as in submarine navi-
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 are passed on to its offspring.                         gation) to navigate, commu-nicate with or detect
Economy                                                  objects on or under the surface of the water, such as
                                                         other vessels.
   l  Diversion of funds, Wrong dividend policy and
      Mismanagement are internal factors for indus-     Chemistry
      trial sickness                                       l  Chlorination is adding small amounts of chlo-
   l  IDBI – Financial assistance to large industries         ride to contaminated water
      SIDBI – Financial assistance to small industries                        Success Tip
      FCI- Distributes food grains throughout the
                                                         Water chlorination is the process of adding chlorine
      country through PDS
                                                         or hypochlorite to water. This method is used to kill
      EXIM Bank – Financial assistance to exporters      certain bacteria and other microbes in tap water as
      and importers                                      chlorine is highly toxic. In particular, chlorination is
   l  Customs duty earned by Union Government is         used to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases
      not distributed among State Governments            such as cholera, dysentery, typhoid etc.
   l  The Programme which is being implemented in          l  The substance that causes the worst air pollu-
      all the districts of the country is Sarva Shiksha       tion is carbon monoxide