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                    SSC CGL GENERAL AWARENESS Pointers
   l  Income tax, Custom tax, Excise duty is col-      Chemistry
      lected by the Central Government.
                                                          l  Carbon dioxide is used as the fire extinguisher.
   l  The permission given to a bank customer to draw
                                                          l  Bleaching powder is extensively used for ster-
      cheques in excess of his current account bal-
                                                             ilizing water.
      ance is called an overdraft.
   l  ‘NABARD’ is associated with the development                            Success Tip
      of agricultural sector and rural areas.           Calcium Hypochlorite is marketed as chlorine pow-
                                                        der or bleach powder for water treatment and as a
                      Success Tip
                                                        bleaching agent.
 National Bank for Agriculture and Rural
                                                          l Propane and Butane mixture of gases is mainly
 Development (NABARD) is an apex development bank
                                                             used as a liquid under pressure in LPG cylinder.
 in India, headquartered at Mumbai with branches
 all over India.                                          l Sulphuric acid is used in the battery.
                                                                             Success Tip
                                                        molecular formula H 2 SO 4 and molecular weight
   l  The energy stored in a watch spring is potential  98.079 g/mol.
                                                          l The major constituent of air is nitrogen.
   l  The sensation of weightlessness in a spacecraft
                                                          l Rusting of iron takes place due to oxidation.
      in an orbit is due to the acceleration in the
      orbit which is equal to the acceleration due     Biology
      to gravity outside.                                 l  Earth worm is called farmer’s friend.
   l   ‘Therm’ is the unit of heat.                       l  Ostrich is the tallest bird.
   l  Cream gets separated out of the milk when it is     l  The term ‘gene’ was coined by W.L. Johansson.
      churned. This is due to centrifugal force.
                                                          l  Crocodile has the maximum number of ribs.
   l  Newton’s first law of motion gives the concept
                                                          l  Protein is the most important thing for the
      of inertia.
                                                             growth of children up to the age of 14.
                      Success Tip                         l  Glands of small intestine do not secrete any
 Newton’s first law of motion- An object at rest stays       digestive enzyme.
 at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with     l  Study of newly born up to the age of 3 months
 the same speed and in the same direction unless             is called Neonatology
 acted upon by an unbalanced force.                       l  The term ‘GM food’ refers to the food that is
   l  The process by which sun’s rays reach the earth        genetically modified.
      is radiation.                                       l  Green plants are most likely to produce green
                      Success Tip                            house gases such as nitrous oxide and meth-
 Radiation from the Sun, which is more popularly             ane.
 known as sunlight, is a mixture of electromagnetic    Miscellaneous
 waves ranging from infrared (IR) to ultraviolet rays
                                                          l  There are 7 strings on a Sarod.
                                                          l  In a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of
   l  A pond of water appears less deep due to refrac-       brotherhood and peace, the UN General Assem-
      tion                                                   bly declared his birth anniversary, 2 October, as
                      Success Tip                            the International day of Non-Violence.
 Refraction is the bending of a wave when it enters a     l  In Nainy Tal Asia’s largest reflecting telescope
 medium where its speed is different.                        is planted.
   l  The oldest type of energy known to man is solar     l  With the fall of Bastille the French revolution
                                                          l  CTBT denotes arms control measure.
   l  Energy that is produced commercially from coal
                                                          l  France, Russia and United States of America
      is called Thermal Energy.
                                                             are the permanent members of the security coun-
   l  Water pipes in hilly areas often burst on a cold       cil of the United Nations.
      frosty night, because water in the pipes freez-     l  The Nalanda Mahavihara site is in the State
      es water expands, so pipes break.                      of Bihar, the Khangchendzonga National Park,
   l  A parachute descends slowly whereas a stone            Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chan-
      dropped from the same height falls rapidly be-         digarh are the latest addition to the list of
      cause a parachute has a larger surrounding             UNESCO’s world heritage sites in India.
      area and air resistance.                            l  Saudi Arabia is still governed by monarch.