Success Tip                         Polity and Constitution
 Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Con-            l  Sir B. N. Rao was the Constitutional adviser to
 trol of the English East India Company, had an                 the constituent assembly of India.
 important effect on spreading education in India            l  G. V. Mavalankar was the first speaker of the
 when in 1854 he sent a despatch to Lord Dalhou-                Lok Sabha.
 sie, the then Governor-General of India.
                                                                                 Success Tip
   l  Cabinet mission came to India in the year 1946.
                                                           Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar popularly known
                      Success Tip                          as Dadasaheb was an independence activist, the
 Cabinet Mission of 1946 to India aimed to discuss         President (from 1946 to 1947) of the Central Legis-
 and plan for the transfer of power from the British       lative Assembly, then Speaker of the Constituent
 government to Indian leadership to provide India with     Assembly of India, and later the first Speaker of
 independence.                                             the Lok Sabha.
   l  Muslim league was founded in 1906.                     l  Eleven Fundamental Duties are included in the
                      Success Tip                               Indian Constitution.
 In 1906, the All-India Muslim League was founded                                Success Tip
 at Dhaka. Aga Khan III was its first Honorary Pres-       Originally ten in number, the Fundam-ental Duties
 ident.                                                    were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in
   l The famous revolutionary song ‘Sarfarosi ki           2002, which added a duty on every parent or guard-
      tamanna ab hamare dil me hai’ was sung by Ram        ian to ensure that their child or ward was provided
      Prasad Bismil                                        opportunities for education between the ages of six
   l The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning.          and fourteen years.
                      Success Tip                            l  The Constitution of India lays down that the
                                                                two houses of the Parliament must be summoned
 Lord Canning served as Governor General of India
                                                                at least twice a year.
 from 1856 to 1862. During his tenure, the Govern-
                                                             l  An appeal to the High Court lies in case the
 ment of India Act, 1858 was passed which created
                                                                Session Court has awarded the punishment of
 the office of Viceroy to be held by the same person
                                                                four years or more.
 who was Governor General of India. Thus, Lord Can-
 ning also served as first Viceroy of India.                 l  The Vice President of India is also the Ex-offi-
                                                                cio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Physical Geography
   l  Planet mercury has no moon.
                                                             l  Excise duty on a commodity is payable with ref-
   l  The standard time of India is 5 1⁄2 hours ahead
                                                                erence to its production.
      of GMT
                                                             l  Green revolution was most successful in Pun-
   l  Black Forests are found in Germany.
                                                                jab, Haryana and UP.
   l  The Earth rotates on its axis at an inclination
      of 23 1⁄2 degree.                                                            Success Tip
   l  The sudden fall of atmospheric pressure indi-        Dr. Norman Borlaug is called father of Green Revolu-
      cates storm.                                         tion. It was launched in Kharif of 1966-67 with an
                                                           objective to attain self-sufficiency in food by 1970-71.
   l  Mars is called a red planet.
                                                             l  Amatrya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize for
General Geography                                               his contribution to Welfare Economics.
   l  The famous Gir forest is located in Gujarat.           l  Long term government bonds, National Sav-
   l  Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka states of                ings certificates and Provident fund are viewed
      India is rubber grown on commercial scale.                as national debt.
   l  Mumbai, Cochin and Paradip harbours are nat-           l  Blue Revolution is related to fish production.
      ural harbours.                                         l  In India the population growth rate is high be-
                      Success Tip                               cause death rate has fallen but birth rate re-
                                                                mains high.
 Natural Harbour- A Part of a bady of water along
                                                             l  Scheduled Banks has to be registered with RBI.
 the shore deep enough for anchoring a ship and so
 situated with respeect to coastalfeat                                           Success Tip
   l  Green revolution in India has so far been most       The scheduled commercial banks are those banks
      successful in case of wheat.                         which are included in the second schedule of RBI
   l  Bangalore is referred as the ‘silicon valley of In-  Act 1934.
      dia’.                                                  l  NSSO collects data for unorganised sector.