Medieval History                                           l  To Examine the constitutional validity of the
                                                              laws is the “Judicial Review” function of the
   l  Khalsa was founded by Guru Gobind Singh
                                                              Supreme Court
                      Success Tip                          l  The Indian Constitution recognizes minorities
 The Khalsa was inaugurated on 30 March 1699,                 on the basis of percentage of the population
 by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru.                   of the Group to the total population.
Modern History                                          Economy
   l  List-1                List-2                         l  The break-even point is where average revenue
      A. Lord Clive         Dual Government in                equals average cost
                            Bengal                         l  Rate of interest is determined by Liquidity pref-
      B. Lord Wellesley Subsidiary Alliance                   erence
      C. Lord Dalhousie Doctrine of Lapse                  l  Current payments on foreign loans is not in-
                                                              cluded in the private income arising in a coun-
      D. Lord Curzon        Indian University Act
   l  Mughal presence in the Red Fort ceased with
                                                           l  Guaranteed maximum prices has not been a
      the fall of Bahadur Shah ‘Zafar’
                                                              component of the agricultural strategy that
Physical Geography                                            brought about the Green Revolution
   l  The soil which originate under tall-grass prairie Physics
      vegetation is called Chernozem Soils
                                                           l  The fourth state of matter is known as plasma
                      Success Tip
                                                                               Success Tip
 is a black-coloured soil containing a high percent-
                                                         Plasma can be created by heating a gas or subject-
 age of humus (7% to 15%), and high percentages of
                                                         ing it to a strong electromagnetic field, applied with
 phosphoric acids, phosphorus and ammonia.
                                                         a laser or microwave generator at temperatures above
   l  Correct Pairs                                      5000 °C
      Isobars- Pressure
                                                           l  Lamberts law is related to Illumination
      Isohels- Sunshine
                                                                               Success Tip
      Isotherms- Temperature
                                                         Lambert’s law stated that absorbance of a materi-
   l  The term ‘Isoneph’ indicates the lines equal
                                                         al sample is directly proportional to its thickness
                                                           l  Law of conservation of mass validates the
General Geography                                             statement that matter can neither be created
   l  Generally the soil of the northern plains of In-        nor destroyed
      dia has been formed by aggradation                   l  Decibel is the unit used for intensity of sound
   l  Bhakra Dam is the highest gravity dam in the
                                                           l  Cloud is a colloidal dispersion of water drops
                      Success Tip
                                                              in dispersion medium of air
 The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged)
                                                           l  Conversion of chemical energy into electrical
 upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Hi-
                                                              energy occurs in battery
 machal Pradesh of height 226 m.
                                                           l  Paraffin wax is the petroleum wax
   l  World’s largest desert is Sahara
                                                                               Success Tip
                      Success Tip
                                                         Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid de-
 The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert,    rivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that con-
 located in North Africa. It stretches from the Red      sists of a mixture of hydrocar-bon molecules con-
 Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.                              taining between twenty and forty carbon atoms
   l  “Climate is extreme, rainfall is scanty, and the     l  Purest form of iron is wrought iron
      people used to be nomadic hoarders” this state-
                                                           l  Mercury forms an amalgam with other metals
      ment is correct for Siberian Tundra region
Polity and Constitution
                                                           l  Chitin makes the skin layer impervious to water
   l  Article 370 of the Constitution of India accords
      special status to the State of Jammu & Kashmir                           Success Tip
   l  In order to be recognized as an official opposi-   A fibrous substance consisting of polysacc-harides,
      tion Group in the Parliament 1/10th of total       which is the major constituent in the exoskeleton
      strength seats it should have                      of arthropods and the cell walls of fungi.