1242. The passage implies that when the boy starts his              to do his work and do it well. A lot of modern medicine, and
        ‘education’ he will _____ .                                 this includes many patients as well as many physicians,
        (1) have a more aesthetic outlook                           pay very little attention to health but very much attention to
        (2) be able to identify a jay and a sparrow                 those who imagine they are ill. Our great concern with health
        (3) see and hear the bird’s song with delight               is shown by the medical columns in newspapers, the health
                                                                    articles in popular magazines and the popularity of television
        (4) have a more intellectual outlook
                                                                    programmes and all those books on medicine. We talk about
       Directions (1243-1247) : A passage is given with 5           health all the time. Yet for the most part the only result is
questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose       more people with imaginary illness. A healthy man should
the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.      not be wasting time talking about health : he should be
                                            (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)   using health for work.
                                   Exam. 08.09.2016 (IInd sitting)
                                                                    1248. Modern medicine is primarily concerned with
       The antigen-antibody immunological reaction is used
                                                                            (1) promotion of good health
to be regarded as typical of immunological responses.
Antibodies are proteins synthesized by specialized cells called             (2) people suffering from imaginary illness
plasma cells, which are formed by lymphocytes (cells from                   (3) people suffering from real illness
the lymph system) when an antigen, a substance foreign to                   (4) increased efficiency in work
an organism’s body, comes in contact with lymphocytes.              1249. The passage suggests that
Two important manifestations of antigen-antibody immunity                   (1) health is an end in itself
are lysis, the rapid physical rupture of antigenic cells and                (2) health is a blessing
the liberation of their contents into the surrounding medium,               (3) health is only a means to an end
and phagocytosis, a process in which antigenic particles
                                                                            (4) we should not talk about health
are engulfed by and very often digested by macrophages
and polymorphs. The process of lysis is executed by a               1250. Talking about health all the time makes people
complex and unstable blood constituent known as                             (1) always suffer from imaginary illness
complement, which will not work unless it is activated by a                 (2) sometimes suffer from imaginary illness
specific antibody; the process of phagocytosis is greatly                   (3) rarely suffer from imaginary illness
facilitated when the particles to be engulfed are coated by                 (4) often suffer from imaginary illness
a specific antibody directed against them.                          1251. The passage tells us
1243. One of the two important manifestations of antigen-                   (1) how medicine should be manufactured
        antibody immunity is lysis while the other is :                     (2) what a healthy man should or should not do
        (1) lymphocytes             (2) plasma
                                                                            (3) what television programmes should be about
        (3) antigenic cells         (4) phagocytosis
                                                                            (4) how best to imagine illness
1244. What are antibodies?
                                                                    1252. A healthy man should be concerned with
        (1) Minerals in the cells (2) Proteins
                                                                            (1) his work which good health makes possible
        (3) Synthesized proteins (4) Dead cells
                                                                            (2) looking after his health
1245. What happens when an antigen comes in contact
                                                                            (3) his health which makes work possible
        with lymphocytes?
                                                                            (4) talking about health
        (1) Antibodies are destroyed
                                                                         Directions (1253–1257) : A passage is given with 5
        (2) Plasma cells are formed
                                                                    questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose
        (3) Proteins are synthesized
                                                                    the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
        (4) Old cells are restored
                                                                                                              (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
1246. Which of the following statement is true in the context                                         Exam. 09.09.2016 (IInd sitting)
        of the essay?                                                    We set out for the gallows. Two warders marched on
        (1) Antigen-antibody is a psychological process             either side of the prisoner, with their rifles at the slope.
        (2) Lysis is a process of forming plasma cells              two others marched close against him, gripping him by his
        (3) Complement is a blood constituent                       arm and shoulder, as though, at once pushing and
        (4) Antigen is part of the organism’s body                  supporting him. The rest of us, magistrates and the like,
1247. Phagocytosis is a process in which antigenic particles        followed behind. Suddenly, when we had gone ten yards,
        are _____ by and very often digested by macrophages         the procession stopped short without any order or warning.
        and polymorphs.                                             A dreadful thing had happened a dog, come goodness knows
        (1) attacked                (2) attracted                   whence, had appeared in the yard.
        (3) enveloped               (4) engulfed                         It came bounding among us with a loud volley of barks,
                                                                    and leapt round us wagging its whole body, wild with glee
      Directions (1248–1252) : A passage is given with 5
                                                                    at finding so many human beings together. It was a large
questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose
                                                                    woolly dog, half Airedale, half Pariah. For a moment, it
the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
                                                                    pranced round us, and then, before anyone could stop it, it
                                            (SSC CGL Tier-I (CBE)
                                                                    had made a dash for the prisoner, and jumping up tried to
                                   Exam. 08.09.2016 (IIIrd sitting)
                                                                    lick his face. Everyone stood aghast, too taken aback even
      In the world today we make health an end in itself. We
                                                                    to grab at the dog.
have forgotten that health really means to enable a person