1108. What do we see when we look at an object?                    1114. What does the words “effluence of their very core”
         (1) The object reflected by the light.                            mean?
         (2) The light reflected from the object.                          (1) Expression which is the outflow from the heart
         (3) The shadow of the object.                                         of the author.
         (4) The object as it is.                                          (2) Expression which is the influence from people’s
1109. The eye is similar to the television camera because                      talk.
         both                                                              (3) Expression of things that the author may have
         (1) convert light energy to mechanical energy.                        thought of.
         (2) convert light energy to electrical energy.                    (4) Expression that the author wrote accidentally.
         (3) convert energy to mechanical light                    1115. Literature cannot be said to have served its true
                                                                           purpose until it has been ___ into the actual life of
         (4) convert mechanical light to electrical energy.
                                                                           the person who reads.
1110. The sense perception that the brain releases after
         the eye converts light to nerve impulses is known as              (1) transfigured             (2) transgressed
         (1) blindness.             (2) image.                             (3) translated               (4) transmuted
         (3) sight.                 (4) glare.                     1116. If a world is deprived of literature, what would
1111. The average rate of blinking of an eye is                            happen to the broad, the noble and the generous?
         (1) six times every second                                        (1) They would be living a free life without care.
         (2) once every six seconds                                        (2) They would worry themselves into petty issues.
         (3) six times every six seconds                                   (3) They would tend to dissappear and life would be
         (4) once every second                                             correspondingly degraded.
1112. Lachrymal glands or tear glands are situated                         (4) They would celebrate life.
         (1) inside the eye.                                       1117. What is the function of literature?
         (2) in the black of the eye.                                      (1) To raise the plain above sea level.
         (3) at the outer corner of the eye.                               (2) To raise everything so that it does not sink to the
         (4) on the eyelid.                                                    sea level.
      Directions (1113-1142) : Read the following passages                 (3) To raise the peaks towards the highest mountain,
carefully and choose the most appropriate answer to the                    (4) To raise the plain towards the top level of the
question out of the four alternatives.                                         peaks.
                        (SSC CGL Tier-II (CBE) Exam. 01.12.2016)                              Passage–II
                               Passage–I                                                (Q. Nos. 1118–1122)
                      (Q. Nos. 1113–1117)
                                                                         A classless society, however, does not mean a society
      Great books do not spring from something accidental          without leaders. It means rather one in which every citizen
in the great men who write them. They are the effluence of         becomes for the first time eligible for leadership, if he has
their very core, the expression of the life itself of the authors. the power to lead. It means a society in which every one is
And literature cannot be said to have served its true purpose
                                                                   given, as far as possible, the chance to develop this power
until it has been translated into the actual life of him who
                                                                   by the widest diffusion of educational opportunities in the
reads. It is the vast reservoir of true ideas and emotions.
                                                                   broadest sense, and by keeping the career wide open to
In a world deprived of literature, the broad, the noble, the
                                                                   talents of every useful kind. It is often said that a community
generous would tend to disappear and life would be
correspondingly degraded, because the wrong idea and the           of equals will not allow itself to be led. But in fact, most
petty emotion would never feel the upward pull of the ideas        men are, in most things, very willing to be led, and more in
and emotions of genius. Only by conceiving a society without       danger of giving their leaders too much than too little
literature can it be clearly realised that the function of         authority, especially if they are free to choose them, and
literature is to raise the plain towards the top level of the      assured that the leaders cannot exploit them for personal
peaks. Literature exists so that where a man has lived finely,     economic advantage; leadership, so far from disappearing,
ten thousands may afterwards live finely. It is a means of         will come into its own in a truly democratic society. But it is
life, it concerns the living essence.                              likely to be a more diffused leadership than we are used to;
                                                                   for a better-nurtured people will have more citizens with
               MEANINGS OF WORDS/PHRASES                           strong wills and minds of their own, wishful to lead; some
    (1) effluence (N.) : the process of flowing out                in politics, some in industry, and some in professions and
    (2) core (N.) : the most important/central part of             arts of life.
        something                                                        This is the idea of a classless society. Some will reject
                                                                   it as contrary to their interest, some as utopian and against
1113. How have great books been written?
                                                                   ‘Human nature’, for there are some who deny, indeed if not
         (1) By an accidental means.
                                                                   in word, that the aim of society should be to promote the
         (2) By great men who write them.
                                                                   greatest happiness and welfare of the greatest number and
         (3) By men who think too much.                            others who hold, with pessimistic honesty, that most men
         (4) By men who imagine sometimes                          must be driven and not led.