hadn’t paid his house rent, is condemned as extravagant. (4) she remains composed and confident as she knows
Carefulness with money to the point of meanness is ap- that she can handle the milkman.
plauded as a virtue. Nothing in his life is considered more 850. In the opinion of the writer, a successful business-
worthy than paying his bills. The ideal wife for such a man man
separates her housekeeping money into joyless little piles, (1) is more popular if he appears to be doing nothing
and she is able to face the milkman with equanimity and (2) should not bother about his popularity.
never knows the guilt of buying something she can’t really
(3) must be extravagant before achieving success.
(4) is expected to have expensive taste.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS Directions (851 – 855) : Read the following passage
(1) despised (V.) : to dislike and have no respect for carefully and choose the best answer to each question out
somebody/something of the four alternatives.
(2) lavish (Adj.) : large in amount, or impressive, and (SSC CGL Tier-II Exam, 25.10.2015, TF No. 2148789)
usually costing a lot of money ; extravagant ; luxu- Nobody can argue that the acquisition of knowledge
rious is more fun and easier with computers. The mere activity
(3) hospitality (N.) : friendly and generous behaviour of touching and exploring this device constitutes an enjoy-
towards guests able task for a child. This, accompanied by the relaxing
(4) reputation (N.) : the opinion that people have about attitude and software interactivity, usually contributes to a
what somebody/something is like, based on what better grasping of new knowledge. At a higher educational
has happened in the past level the availability of digital books, simulators and other
(5) consequence (N.) : a result of something that has academic materials provide the student with an ever ac-
happened cessible source of information, that otherwise would not be
(6) paradox (N.) : a person, thing/situation that has at hand. But, besides the increasing complexity and be-
two opposite features and therefore seems strange haviour of intelligent software, which is usually embedded
(7) condemned (V.) : to express very strong disapproval in the academic digital material, the need for human inter-
of somebody/something usually for moral reasons action in the learning process will always be present, at
(8) meanness (N.) : unkind behaviour least in the foreseeable future. There is the necessity for a
human being to be able to determine what the specific needs
(9) applauded (V.) : to express praise for somebody/
of each individual are. A computer, no matter how sophis-
something because you approve of them/it.
ticated its software is, can hardly mimic the expertise of a
(10) virtue (N.) : behaviour/attitudes that show high teacher in how to explain and adapt complex concepts to
(11) equanimity (N.) : a calm state of mind which means
that you do not become angry/upset, especially in SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
difficult situations. (1) acquisition (N.) : the act of getting something (knowl-
edge, skill, etc.)
846. The phrase lavish with his hospitality here means :
(2) accessible (Adj.) : that can be reached, entered,
(1) miserliness in dealing with his friends.
used, seen, etc.
(2) considerateness in spending on guests and
(3) at hand (Adv.) : within reach
(3) extravagance in entertaining guests. (4) embedded (V.) : to cause to be an integral part of
(4) Indifference in treating his friends and relatives.
847. We understand from the passage that (5) foreseeable (Adj.) : that you can predict will hap-
(1) all mean people are wealthy. pen
(2) wealthy people are invariably successful (6) sophisticated (Adj.) : clever and complicated in
(3) carefulness generally leads to failure. the way that it works/is presented
(4) being thrifty may lead to success. (7) mimic (V.) : to copy ; to imitate
848. How does the housewife, according to the writer, feel (8) expertise (N.) : expert knowledge/skill in a partic-
when she saves money? ular subject, activity/job
(1) She feels she needs to be thrifty (9) adapt (V.) : adjust
(2) Wishes life is less burdensome
851. According to this essay, what new developments in
(3) She is troubled by a sense of guilt the world of computers have helped students gain
(4) Wishes she could sometimes be extravagant more access to information ?
849. The statement ‘she is able to face the milkman with
(1) Availability of digital books.
equanimity’ implies that
(2) Availability of world processing applications.
(1) she is not upset as she has been paying the milk-
man his dues regularly. (3) Availability of printing facilities.
(2) she loses her nerve at the sight of the milkman (4) Availability of general knowledge software.
who always demands his dues. 852. According to the author, human intervention will al-
(3) she manages to keep cool when she confronts the ways be required in order to
milkman (1) build bigger machines.