COMPREHENSION TEST
lot. The Tsunami underlines the need for having a global       main reason for the imbalance in our body’s production of
tsunami monitoring system which at present is not there.       these hormones. That is why many individuals in the in-
In countries like Japan, some measures have been taken         dustrialised world need to take flaxseed oil and fish oil in
to reduce the damage caused in the shores by building          supplementation in an attempt to bring these back into
high tsunami walls in front of coastal areas. While science    balance.
has conquered nature in many ways, the Tsunami of 2004         741. An essential fat is
proves that nature is supreme in this unequal battle.               (1) necessary for the body.
                 SOME IMPORTANT WORDS                               (2) manufactured in the body.
   (1) triggered (V.) : to make something happen sudden-            (3) produces healthy cell membrane.
        ly                                                          (4) completely harmless.
   (2) lethal (Adj.) : deadly ; fatal                          742. The two most important essential fatty acids are
   (3) unprecedented (Adj.) : that has never happened,              (1) omega-5 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids.
        been done/been known before                                 (2) omega-6 fatty acids and omega-8 fatty acids.
   (4) devastation (N.) : great destruction/damage, es-             (3) omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids.
        pecially over a wide area                                   (4) omega-2 fatty acids and omega-4 fatty acids.
   (5) calamity (N.) : an event that causes great damage       743. The body uses fats for the production of healthy cell
        to people’s lives, property, etc.                           membranes as well as certain hormones called
                                                                    (1) prostaglandins          (2) inflammatories
   (6) trails (N.) : signs
                                                                    (3) linoleic                (4) alpha-linoleic
   (7) maimed (V.) : to injure somebody seriously, caus-
        ing permanent damage to their body                     744. Omega-3 fatty acids are called
                                                                    (1) linolenic acid          (2) alpha-linolenic acid
   (8) wiped out (Phr.V.) : destroyed completely
                                                                    (3) linoleic acid           (4) alpha-linoleic acid
   (9) underlines (V.) : to emphasize ; stress
                                                               745. Omega-6 fatty acids are called
 736. One of the nations that Tsunami of 2004 struck was            (1) linoleic acid           (2) alpha-linoleic acid
       (1) Malaysia               (2) Nepal                         (3) linolenic acid          (4) alpha-linolenic acid
       (3) Bhutan                 (4) Myanmar                  746. The generally accepted optimal ratio of dietary intake
 737. The total death toll after the tsunami was                    of omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids is
       (1) 170000                 (2) 300000                        (1) 5 : 1                   (2) 4 : 1
       (3) 38000                  (4) 5000                          (3) 1 : 1                   (4) 2 : 1
                                                               747. The imbalance in the consumption of these essential
 738. Many parts of _____ submerged under water.
                                                                    fatty acids is the main reason for
       (1) southern tip of Car Nicobar
                                                                    (1) the imbalance in our body’s production of the
       (2) parts of Andaman and Nicobar Island                          healthy cell membranes.
       (3) coastal parts of Kerala                                  (2) the balance in our body’s production of these hor-
       (4) coastal part of Andhra Pradesh                               mones.
 739. The Tsunami emphasized the                                    (3) the balance in our body’s production of the healthy
       (1) need to build tsunami monitoring systems                     cell membranes.
       (2) need to build high walls in coastal areas                (4) the imbalance in our body’s production of these
       (3) generosity of the people                                     hormones.
       (4) supremacy of nature                                 748. Which of the following statements is true in the con-
                                                                    text of the passage ?
 740. The meaning of tsunami
                                                                    (1) All fats are bad.
       (1) mud landslides         (2) massive waves
                                                                    (2) The body uses fats for the production of healthy
       (3) harbour waves          (4) volcanic eruption                 cell membranes as well as prostaglandins.
                           Passage-III                              (3) The generally accepted optimal ratio of dietary in-
       According to Ray D. Strand, a specialist in nutritional          take of omega-6 fatty acids and omega-3 fatty ac-
and preventive medicine, not all fats are bad. In fact an               ids is 5 : 1.
essential fat is just that - essential to the body. The body        (4) Many individuals in the industrialized world need
cannot manufacture these fats and therefore must get them               not take flaxseed oil and fish oil in supplementa-
from food. The body uses fats for the production of healthy             tion in an attempt to bring these back into bal-
cell membranes as well as certain hormones called pros-                 ance.
taglandins. The two most important essential fatty acids
                                                               749. Our bodies turn omega-3 fatty acids into prostaglan-
are omega - 3 fatty acids, called alpha-linoleic acid, and
                                                                    dins that are primarily
omega-6 fatty acids, called just linoleic acid. Our bodies
                                                                    (1) flammable               (2) uninflammable
turn omega-3 fatty acids into prostaglandins that are pri-
marily anti-inflammatories. Omega-6 fatty acids become              (3) anti-inflammatories     (4) inflammatories
prostaglandins that are primarily inflammatories. The gen-     750. Omega-6 fatty acids become prostaglandins that are
erally accepted optimal ratio of dietary intake of omega-6          primarily
fatty acids and omega-3 fatty acids is 4:1. The imbalance           (1) nonflammable            (2) inflammatories
in the consumption of these essential fatty acids is the            (3) uninflammable           (4) anti-inflammatories
                                                           SEE–976