(1) Luck waits and complains without working while 473. Violence without these motives is possible only in
labour achieves success although it complains. (1) practice (2) reality
(2) Luck is self indulgent, but labour is selfless. (3) dream (4) theory
(3) Luck often ends in defeat but labour produces luck. 474. Indeed, violence is bad, not intrinsically, but
(4) Luck waits without exertion, but labour exerts because of these motives that go with it. This
without waiting. suggests
469. Labour turns out at six and with busy pen and ringing (1) violence is basically good.
hammer lays the foundation of competence. What does (2) violence is bad only when it is associated with
this statement mean ? certain motives.
(1) Labour lays the foundation of the building.
(3) violence is bad because the people who exercise it
(2) The writer and the labourer are the true eyes of are bad.
(4) violence is basically bad.
(3) There is no worker who works so hard as the
475. Non-violence, according to the writer, means
labourer who begins his day at six in the morning.
(4) Hardwork of all kinds makes people different. (1) violence without the evil motives.
470. Which one of the statements is true about the (2) giving in to the tyranny of the powerful.
passage ? (3) accepting violence as a fact of life.
(1) Success depends only on hardluck. (4) None of the above.
(2) Expectation of good luck always meets with Directions (476-505) : You have four passages with
disappoinment. 5-10 questions in each passage. Read the passages carefully
(3) Success is exactly proportionate to hard work. and choose the best answer to each question, out of the
(4) Luck is neccessary for success. four alternatives.
PASSAGE - II (SSC Graduate Level Tier-II Exam. 29.09.2013)
Violence has played a great part in the would’s history. PASSAGE -I
It is today playing an equally important part and probably it Many of the serious health concerns in modern
will continue to do so for a considerable time. It is impossible America can be linked to poor diet. People who regularly
to ignore the importance of violence in the past and present. consume foods high in sodium, sugar and saturated fats
To do so is to ignore life. Yet violence is undoubtedly bad not only increase their chances of obesity, but also increase
and brings an unending trail of evil consequences with it. their risks of developing heart diseases, hypertension,
And worse even than violence are the motives of hatred, diabetes and several types of cancer. Although some people,
cruelty, revenge and punishment which very often who regularly consume unhealthy foods do so knowingly,
accomp any vi olence. Indeed, violence is bad, not there is also a significant portion of the population that
intrinsically, but because of these motives that go with it. remains under-educated about proper nutrition. What is
There can be violence without these motives there can be more, individuals who live in food deserts — areas in low-
violence for a good object as well as for an evil object. But income neighbourhoods that lack easy access to healthy,
it is extremely difficult to separate violence from these affordable food — may not even have the opportunity to
motives, and therefore, it is desirable to avoid violence as obtain nutritious food. Food deserts are located in high-
far as possible. In avoiding it, however someone can not poverty areas, such as sparsely populated rural areas or
accept a negative attitude of submitting to bad and far greater densely populated, low-income urban centres. Food deserts
evils. Submission to violence or the acceptance of an unjust most often develop when major supermarket chains either
regime based on violence is against the spirit of non-violence. relocate out of these areas or simply refrain from building
The non-violent method, in order to justify itself, must be stores there. Major food retailing chains tend to limit their
dymanic and capable of changing such a regime of social store locations to wealthi er urban o r sub urban
order. neighbourhoods. This means that those who live in high-
poverty areas often also live miles away from fresh meats,
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS dairy products and produce available at supermarkets.
intrinsically : in real sense. Furthermore, fast food restaurants are disproportio-nately
regime : a method or system of organizing or concentrated in low-income areas.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
471. The word dynamic in the concluding line of the sparsely : with only small amounts/numbers of some-
passage means thing, often spread over a large area
densely : in away that contains a lot of people,
(2) energetic things, etc. with littel space between them
(3) capable of change and progress
refrain : to stop yourself from doing something.
(4) All of the above
472. Which of the following statements is incorrect ? 476. The best possible title for the passage is
(1) Only violence can be used against violence. (1) Supermarket’s Contribution to Obesity in America
(2) Violence is not inherenty ill (2) The Dangers of Fast Food
(3) Violence is a historically accepted fact. (3) Food Deserts : The Problem of Poor Diet
(4) Violence cannot be ignored. (4) Why Processed Food Kills