(1) He can tolerate cruelty to children but not to ani-         (3) It makes him a full man.
           mals.                                                       (4) It makes him an exact man.
       (2) He can tolerate cruelty to animals but not to chil-   154. What kind of books is to be read by the deputy ?
                                                                       (1) Extraordinary books.
       (3) He can tolerate cruelty both to children and ani-
                                                                       (2) Ordinary books.
                                                                       (3) Interesting books.
       (4) He can tolerate cruelty neither to children nor to
           animals.                                                    (4) Meaner sort of books.
               (SSC Section Officer (Audit) Exam. 30.11.2008)    155. What is meant by chewed and digested ?
       Directions (151–160) : You have two brief passages              (1) Thoroughly read and understood.
with five questions following each passage. Read the pas-              (2) Partly read and understood.
sages carefully and choose the best answer to each ques-               (3) Understood without any effort.
tion out of the four alternatives.                                     (4) None of the above.
                (SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax & Central Excise)                          PASSAGE-II
                                              Exam. 14.12.2008)        From the world of magic, hypnosis is moving into the
                            PASSAGE-I                            world of medicine, from hocus-pocus performed by men in
       Read not to contradict and confuse, nor to believe        black capes, to hypnotherapy practised by doctors in white
and take for granted, nor to find talk and discourse, but to     coats. The purpose is to help people stop smoking, lose
weigh and consider. Some books are to be tasted, others to       weight, overcome phobias, and control pain in a variety of
be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.            medical situations, from childbirth to cancer. Research lab-
That is some books are to be read only in parts; others to       oratories are currently checking out the success rate of
be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read whol-        therapy under hypnosis, while medical journals stand by
ly, and with diligence and attention. Some books may also        to publish the results. And the important thing is, nobody
be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others           is laughing.
but that would be only in the less important arguments and             In the 1840’s, a British doctor in Calcutta created a
the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are like com-     controversy by performing over 1000 operations with hyp-
mon distilled waters, flashy things. Reading maketh a full       nosis as the only anaesthesia. During the World Wars, Ger-
man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man.           man and British doctors used hypnosis to treat war neuro-
                   SOME IMPORTANT WORDS                          ses.
  discourse       : a long discussion of a speech or writing.                    SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
  diligence       : careful and thorough work or effort.          hypnosis          : an unconscious state in which some-
 contradict : to declare to be opposite of                                             body can still see and hear and can
 take for granted : to believe something is true without                               be influenced to follow commands or
                    first making sure that is                                          answer questions.
 deputy          : a person appointed to act on behalf of/        hocus-pocus       : language/behaviour that is nonsense
                                                                                       and is intended to hide the truth from
                    represent another
 extracts        : a short passage from a book, that gives
                                                                  capes             : loose outer piece of clothing that has
                    you an idea of what the whole thing is like                        no sleeves, fastens at the neck and
 meaner          :  average                                                            hangs from the shoulders, like a cloak
 distilled       :  to get the essential meaning/ideas from                            but shorter.
                    thoughts, information, etc.                   hypnotherapy : a kind of treatment that uses Hypno-
 maketh          :  makes                                                              sis to help with physical or emotional
151. What should be the purpose of reading a book ?               anaesthesia       : the state of being unable to feel any-
       (1) To contradict.                                                              thing, especially pain.
       (2) To weigh and consider.                                 trance            : a state in which somebody seems to
       (3) To take it for granted.                                                     be asleep but is aware of what is said
       (4) To understand the contents.                                                 to him.
152. Why are some books to be tasted ?                             phobia           : a strong unreasonable fear of some-
       (1) To be read with great care.
       (2) To be read with great attention.                      156. Hypnosis means
       (3) To be read only in parts.                                   (1) auto-suggestion.
       (4) To be read for fun.                                         (2) suggestion made in trance.
153. How is man’s character influenced by the art of writ-             (3) anaesthesia.
       ing ?                                                           (4) hocus-pocus.
       (1) It makes him a great writer.                          157. Nobody is laughing at hypnotherapy now, because
       (2) It makes him a ready man.                                   they are