systems, whether capitalist, fascist or communist, reject (3) Non-humans have refused co-operation to human
in their working the basic principle that the free and cre- beings.
ative unfoldment of every man, woman and child is the (4) He hates and distrusts other human beings.
true measure of the worth of any society. Such unfoldment 84. Which of the following statements is not true in con-
requires understanding and imagination, integrity and com- text of the given passage ?
passion, cooperation among people and harmony between (1) Power and possession go hand in hand.
the human species and the rest of nature. Acquisitiveness
(2) The modern man is not individualist.
and the pursuit of power have made the modern man an
aggressor against everything that is non-human; an exploiter (3) There is a need for a new renaissance.
and oppressor of those who are poor, meek and unorganised; (4) Poor and weak people are oppressed by the mod-
a pathological type which hates and distrusts the world ern man.
and suffers from both acute loneliness and false pride. 85. Which of the following is one of the requirements
bringing out the best is man ?
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
(1) Money. (2) Success.
pursuits : the act of looking for or trying to find some-
(3) Power. (4) Understanding.
distorted : changed.
Child psychology is certainly not a strong point with
to prize : to value highly.
most Indian schools; why else would they inflict a double
acquisition : the act of getting/acquiring something trauma on a student forming badly in the pre-boards by
capitalist : a person who owns or controls a lot of wealth banning her from taking the board exams. Often with fatal
and uses it to produce more wealth. results as evidenced by reports of student suicides in the
fascist : a person who supports central government run-up to the boards. Now the Central Board of Secondary
that does not allow any opposition. Education (CBSE) has stepped in and put the brakes on
communist : a person who believes that all are treated this discriminatory practice, ruling that no student can be
equally. barred from the Boards without prior clearance from the
unfoldment : known to all people. CBSE. This is good news for parents and students, many
Compassion : a strong feeling of sympathy for people of whom have had to live with the threat of performance-
who are suffering and a desire to help them. linked department. While the school’s logic is that in order
to attract talented students, they need to maintain their
integrity : the quality of being honest and having
performance records at high levels. Chances are that a
strong moral principles.
student faring poorly at the pre-boards will replicate this at
acquisitiveness : wanting very much to buy or get new
the boards is faulty. Chances are that the student will be
spurred to work doubly hard. On the other hand, the threat
harmony : a state of peaceful existence and agree- of debarment, will almost certainly impact adversely on his/
ment her performance. Of course, linking pre-boards to the
aggressor : a person, country, etc. that attacks first boards is only one of the problems with our school system.
oppressor : a person/group that treat somebody in SOME IMPORTANT WORDS
a cruel and unfair way inflict : to make somebody/something suffer
pathological : not reasonable/sensible/controllable something unpleasant.
acute : very serious/severe trauma : an unpleasant experience that makes you
false pride : a high opinion of oneself/one’s abilities, feel upset and/or anxious; or mental con-
not based on real achievement/success dition caused by a severe shock.
run-up : period of time leading up to an important
81. The author appears to be advocating which of the event; preparation for this
following approaches to be adopted by society. discrimin– : unfair
(1) Capitalistic (2) Communists atory
(3) Humanistic (4) Authoritarian replicate : duplicate; to copy/produce something ex-
82. Which of the following best describes the behaviour actly.
of modern man? faulty : not perfect; defective
(1) Imaginative and sympathetic. spurred : encouraged
(2) Cruel and greedy. debarment : being officially prevented to do something
(3) Conscientious and co-operative. banning : to decide or say officially that something
(4) Percepting and creative. is not allowed
83. According to the passage, why has modern man fatal : causing/ending in death
turned out as an enemy of everything that is non-
put the : to stop an activity
(1) He has been dominated by drives of acquisitive- brakes on :
ness and power. barred : prevented
(2) He consciously practises spirit of co-operation. logic : a way of thinking/explaining something