585. (2) informal 594. (2) controversial 607. (1) determine (V.) : arrange
formal (Adj.) : very correct and contentious (Adj.) : controversial; something; establish.
suitable for official or important likely to cause disagreement. meander (V.) : ramble; to curve
occasions. 595. (4) guess a lot rather than being in a
586. (1) cursory (Adj.) : done quickly conjecture (N.) : an opinion or straight line; wander.
and wi thout gi ving enough idea that is not based on definite 608. (3) extinguish (V.) : to make a
attention to details; bri ef; knowledge ; guess. fire stop burning; put out.
perfunctory. strife (N.) : bitter conflict; lack ignite (V.) : to start to burn;
thorough (Adjective) = done of agreement/harmony rekindle.
completely and wi th great 596. (3) shameless rekindle (V.) : to make
attention to detail. brazen (Adj.) : shameless ; open something become a ctive again
587. (2) pleasant (Adj.) : enjoyable or and without shame. 609. (1) gravity (N.) : seriousness;
attractive. 597. (3) summary extreme importance and a cause
nasty (Adj.) : very bad or for worry.
synopsis (N.) : a summary of a
unpleasant; unkind; mean. levity (N.) : behaviour that
piece of writing, a play etc.
588. (1) undermine (V.) : to make shows a lack of respect for
598. (3) ignorant (Adj.) : lacking something, serious and that
something gradually weaker or knowledge or information about treats it in an amusing way;
less effective. something ; not educated. frivolity.
fortify (V.) : make somebody/ erudite (Adj.) : having or show- jocularity (N.) : the quality of
yourself feel stronger ; strengthen. ing great knowledge ; learned being humorous
589. (4) zealot (N.) : a person who is 599. (3) meagre/meager (Adj.) : small bounce (N.) : a light, self-
extremely enthusiastic about in quantity and poor in quality ; propelled movement upwards/
something (religion/politics) paltry forwards
misanthropist (N.) : a person profuse (Adj.) : produced in 610. (3) concealed (Adj.) : hidden ;
who hates and avoids other people. large amounts secret.
philanthropist (N.) : a rich person 600. (4) ecstasy (N.) : a feeling or overt (Adj.) : done in an open
who helps the poor and those in state of very great happiness; way and not secretly.
need. bliss inexplicable (Adj.) : that cannot
pedant (N.) : a person who is agony (N.) : extreme physical or be understood/explained
too concerned with small details/ mental pain ambiguous (Adj.) : having more
rules especially when learning/ 601. (2) preceding (Adj.) : to happen than one possible meaning
teaching before something/coming before manifest (Adj.) : clearly revealed
pragmatist (N.) : a person who something in order. to the mind/the senses/judge-
behaves in a practical and subsequent (Adj.) : happening ment
sensible way rather than having or coming after something else 611. (1) pernicious (Adj.) : having a
fixed ideas/theories 602. (2) concise (Adj.) : giving only very harmful effect.
590. (2) indulge (V.) : to allow the information that is necessary innocuous (Adj.) : not intended
yourself to have or do something and important. to offend or upset anyone ;
that you like ; to satisfy a redundant (Adj.) : without a job ; harmless.
particular desire, interest etc. not needed ; surplus ; wordy. 612. (2) uncomplaining
abstain (V.) : to decide not to do 603. (1) rigid (Adj.) : very strict and querulous (Adj.) : complaining ;
or have something ; stay away. difficult to change; inflexible. showing that you are annoyed.
591. (4) patronize (V.) : to treat pliable (Adj.) : easy to bend 613. (1) active
somebody in a way that seems without breaking; flexible; easy quiescent (Adj.) : quiet ; not
friendly. to influence or control; pliant. active ; dormant.
ostracize (V.) : to refuse to meet 604. (2) indifference (N.) : a lack of 614. (3) pragmatist (N.) : a person
somebody ; shun. interest. who sol ves probl ems i n a
592. (2) accessible practical and sensible way;
alacrity (N.) : great willingness
unapproachable (Adj.) : un- or enthusiasm.
friendly and not easy to talk to ; visionary (Adj.) : original and
605. (3) inexact (Adj.) : not accurate
inaccessible. showing the ability to think about
or plan the future with great
593. (4) spell impeccable (Adj.) : without imagination and intelligence ;
jinx (N.) : bad luck ; spell ; mistakes or faults; perfect. relating to dreams.
something that is thought to 606. (2) authentic (Adj.) : known to be farsighted (Adj.) : having/
bring bad luck mysteriously. real and genuine and not a copy; showing an understanding of the
taunt (N.) : mocking/criticizing true and accurate. effects in the future of actions
juncture (N.) : an event that spurious (Adj.) : false, although that you take now, and being able
occurs at a critical time seeming to be genuine to plan for them