DIRECT/INDIRECT SPEECH
     (D.S.)                                                                   391. (2) The guide said to the swimmer, “Don’t
     I          bade       my      beloved       friends. (I.S.)                              ̄                ̄               ̄                 ̄
      ̄            ̄           ̄           ̄              ̄                                        Sub.        Rep.V.           Ob.              Aux.
       Sub. Rep.V. Pro.               Adj.           N.                            swim out too far.” (D.S.)
     bid (V.) : to say good morning, goodbye, etc. to some-                        The guide forbade the swimmer from swimming
     body                                                                                  ̄               ̄                  ̄                         ̄
     bid (Present)– bade (Past)– bidden (Past Participle)                           Sub.               Rep.V.              Ob.                   Gerund
387. (4) The teacher said to me, “I hope you                                       out too far. (I.S.)
                 ̄                 ̄          ̄         ̄            ̄                  forbade (V.) : to order somebody not to do something
                 Sub.          Rep.V. Ob. Pro1                Pro2                 don’t is replaced by not to in I.S.
     will bring credit to my school. ”(D.S.)                                       forbade has a negative meaning. So, another negative
             ̄              ̄        ̄        ̄          ̄                              will not be used with it.
         S.Fut.           N. Prep. Pro3             N.                        392. (4) Dr. Ratan said to              the patient, “Take
     The teacher hoped that                       I     would bring                            ̄               ̄                 ̄               ̄
              ̄                ̄           ̄         ̄             ̄                              Sub.         Rep.V.             Ob.           S.Pr.
            Sub.          Rep.V. Conj. Pro1                  S. Fut.               light food and do not go out in the sun.” (D.S.)
     credit to            his school. (I.S.)                                              ̄          ̄                 ̄        ̄        ̄
           ̄         ̄        ̄          ̄
                                                                                           N.       Conj.           Inf. Adv. Prep.
          N.     Prep. Pro2         N
                                                                                   Dr. Ratan advised the patient to take light food
388. (4) They said, “We were living                      in     Paris. ”                  ̄                ̄               ̄                ̄          ̄
             ̄           ̄         ̄             ̄             ̄        ̄                     Sub.          Rep.V.           Ob.             S.Pr.      N.
           Sub. Rep.V. Pro. Past Cont. Prep. N.                                    and not to go out               in the sun. (I.S.)
     (D.S.)                                                                           ̄              ̄        ̄        ̄
     They told that they had been living                              in            Conj.         Inf. Adv. Prep.
         ̄         ̄          ̄         ̄                ̄                    ̄          do not is replaced by not to in I.S.
       Sub. Rep.V. Conj. Pro.               Past Per. Cont.          Prep.    393. (4) “There is no need for you to be                             so
     Paris. (I.S.)                                                                           ̄         ̄            ̄                ̄         ̄        ̄
         ̄                                                                                   Adv1 Aux1            N.            Pro. Aux2          Adv2
       N.                                                                          angry,” said Mrs. Sen to her husband. (D.S.)
389. (1) He said to            his father, “Shall          I    go       to             ̄                   ̄                     ̄
           ̄           ̄               ̄              ̄        ̄       ̄         ̄            Adj.               Sub.                Ob.
          Sub. Rep.V.                Ob.         Mod. Pro. Inf. Prep.              said to ® Rep. V.
     market now ?” (D.S.)                                                          Mrs. Sen          told her husband that there
           ̄            ̄                                                                   ̄             ̄               ̄                 ̄         ̄
          N.      Ext. wd.                                                              Sub.         Rep.V.          Ob.           Conj. Adv1
     He asked his father if                        he should go                    was no need for him to be                   so angry. (I.S.)
       ̄          ̄               ̄           ̄         ̄         ̄           ̄              ̄            ̄            ̄        ̄           ̄        ̄
       Sub. Rep.V.            Ob.        Conj. Pro.       Mod.        Inf.           Aux1        N.         Pro. Aux2 Adv2 Adj.
     to        market then. (I.S.)                                            394. (1) “What an excellent piece of art!” she said. (D.S.)
       ̄            ̄            ̄                                                            ̄                ̄               ̄               ̄       ̄
      Prep.       N.      Ext.wd.                                                         Q.wd.           Adj.            N.           Sub. Rep.V.
390. (2) I       said to my friend, “Can                 I      borrow             She exclaimed with appreciation that                           it
          ̄            ̄              ̄              ̄        ̄           ̄                 ̄                          ̄                          ̄         ̄
          Sub. Rep.V.             Ob.           Mod. Pro1          Inf.             Sub.                     Rep.V.                     Conj.    Pro.
     your dictionary for one day only ?” (D.S.)                                    was an excellent piece of art.
           ̄            ̄             ̄                                                  ̄                  ̄               ̄
        Pro2           N.        Prep.                                              Aux.             Adj.            N.
     I         asked        my friend         if     I    could borrow        395. (1) “Oh!      how         foolish I have been                in
      ̄            ̄                 ̄           ̄        ̄         ̄           ̄                 ̄       ̄              ̄          ̄          ̄             ̄
       Sub. Rep.V.               Ob.       Conj. Pro1 Mod.              Inf.             Inter. Q.wd.          Adj.    Pro.      Pr.Per.       Prep.
     his dictionary              for one day only. (I.S.)                          matters !” (D.S.)
        ̄              ̄             ̄                                                     ̄
       Pro2          N.         Prep.                                                  N.
                                                                           SEE–423