```                                  TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES (ACTIVE/PASSIVE)
In Passive, the structure will be as follows :                        Sub.        + had + V3            + Ob.
Sub.                 + is/are/am + being +                 V3  +          ̄             ̄           ̄             ̄
̄                           ̄              ̄               ̄           The same had stolen                   our vehicle from
An experiment               is         being      performed        burglary                               our garage.
by + Ob                                                               team
̄            ̄                                                    352. (2) Structure of Simple Pr. Tense, Active Voice is as
by      Ratan.                                                            follows :
347. (2) Structure of Simple Future Tense, Passive Voice                   Sub. + V1 + Ob.
is as follows :                                                    ̄          ̄           ̄
Sub. + will/shall + be                  + V3         by + Ob.           Sita learns her lessons daily.
̄                   ̄            ̄           ̄                        In Passive, the structure will be as follows :
I             shall          be       obliged ....               Sub.          + is/am/are + V3 + by + Ob.
In Active, the structure will be as follows :                             ̄                    ̄              ̄          ̄        ̄
Sub.               + will/shall + V1 + Ob.                              Her lessons         are           learnt by Sita.
̄                          ̄             ̄          ̄                                                     daily
Cirumstance               will         oblige me to go          353. (4) In such cases, the structure in Passive is as fol-
348. (2) Structure of Past T., Active Voice, Interrogative                      lows :
Sent. is as follows :                                           It is time + for + Ob.                + to be + V3
̄           ̄            ̄              ̄        ̄
Q. wd + V2 + Ob.
It is time     for the plants to be watered
̄           ̄          ̄
354. (4) The structure in Active Voice, Simple Present
Who         gave      you ... ?
Tense is as follows :
In Passive the structure will be as follows :                          Sub.                        + Verb + Ob.
Q.wd         + was/were + Sub. + V3                                       ̄                               ̄           ̄
̄                    ̄              ̄            ̄                     These days most of              do        their.....
By whom             were           you        given .... ?          the students
[who changes to by whom in the Passive.]                              In Passive, the structure will be as follows :
349. (3) Structure of Simple Past Tense, Active Voice is                  Sub.                 + is/are/am + V3
as follows :                                                       ̄                             ̄                ̄
Sub. + Aux. + V1 + Ob.                                                 These days the                are             done with the
̄           ̄          ̄         ̄                                   assignments                                     help of internet
I      didn’t speak even .....                                   by + Ob.
In Passive, the structure will be as follows :                          ̄        ̄
Sub.                 + was/were + not + V3 + by +                      by      most of the students.
̄                         ̄            ̄          ̄        ̄       355. (2) Structure of Simple Past Tense, Active Voice,
Even a single             was          not    spoken     by                Interrogative Sentence is as follows :
word                                                              Q.wd. + V2 + Ob.
Ob.                                                                         ̄        ̄         ̄
Who tore the curtains ... ?
̄
In Passive, the structure will be as follows :
me in the meeting
Q.wd.        + was/were + Sub.                    + V3
350. (2) Structure of Simple Future Tense, Active Voice
̄                 ̄                ̄                   ̄
is as follows :
By whom         were            the curtains torn.... ?
Sub. + will/shall + V1 + Ob.
[Who changes to by whom in Passive]
̄                ̄               ̄          ̄
356. (2) The Imperative Sentence in the Passive Voice
we            shall          write a novel.                             has the following structure :
In Passive, the structure will be as follows :                         Let + Ob.        + be + V3
Sub. + will/shall + be + V3                 + by + Ob.                    ̄       ̄               ̄        ̄
̄                ̄           ̄      ̄           ̄      ̄                  Let the door be shut.
A novel          will         be written by         us.          357. (2) Structure of Past Tense, Active Voice is as fol-
351. (2) Structure of Past Per. Tense, Passive Voice is as                      lows :
follows :                                                       Sub. + Modal + not +                    V1 + Ob.
Sub.            + had + been + V3 + by + Ob.                              ̄           ̄             ̄              ̄         ̄
̄                   ̄         ̄       ̄           ̄       ̄               Rajesh could             not complete his paper .....
Our vehicle had             been     stolen... by   the same         In Passive, the structure will be as follows :
burglary         Sub.         + Modal + not + be + V3                       + by
team.                ̄                 ̄            ̄         ̄      ̄              ̄
In Active, the structure will be as follows :                           The paper       could         not      be    completed     by
SEE–342```