TRANSFORMATION OF SENTENCES (ACTIVE/PASSIVE)
Sub.           + was/were + V3           + Ob1 + by            252. (4) In Simple Past Tense, Active Voice with Double
̄                 ̄               ̄            ̄       ̄              Objects, the structure is as follows :
This watch          was        given to     me by                   Sub.        +      V2        +   Ob1 + Ob2
+ Ob2                                                                 ̄                  ̄               ̄           ̄
̄                                                               A great        acknowledged       me      as a flatterer
my grandfather.                                                    man                                       to him.
In Active Voice, the structure will be as follows :                 In Passive, the structure will be as follows :
Sub. (Ob1 of Passive) + V2 + Ob. (Ob2 of Active)                    Sub. (Ob1 of Active) + was/were + V3               +
̄                     ̄           ̄                                    ̄                     ̄               ̄
My grandfather               gave         me                                   I                     was    acknowledged
+ Ob. (Sub. of Passive)                                            Ob1 (Ob2 of Active) + by + Ob2 (Sub. of Active)
̄                                                               ̄                   ̄            ̄
this watch.                                            as a flatterer to him        by      a great man.
In Passive Voice, one of the Objects is converted              253. (4) The structure of an Imperative Sentence, Active
into Subject and one Object remains as it is and to/                Voice is as follows :
for is used with the Object converted into the Sub-                 Let + Sub. + V1 + Ob.
ject.                                                                 ̄       ̄         ̄     ̄
248. (1) by (whom) changes to who                                        Let     us help him.
̄                      ̄                                    In Passive Voice, the structure will be as follows :
Passive              Active                                 Let + Sub. (Ob. of Active) + be + V3             + by
Structure of Present Continuous Tense, Passive                        ̄                  ̄                  ̄      ̄        ̄
Voice is as follows :                                               Let                 him               be helped by
Question Word + is/am/are + Sub. + being + V3                       + Ob. (Sub. of Active)
̄                ̄           ̄            ̄        ̄                      ̄
(By) whom             is     the child being fed ?                      us.
In, Active Voice the structure will be as follows :           254. (2) Structure of Interrogative Sentence, Passive Voice
Question Word + is/am/are + V1 + ing + Ob.                          starting with Modals (can, shall, will, may etc.) is as
̄                ̄             ̄            ̄                follows :
Who              is       feeding      the child ?         Modal + Sub.             + be + V3       + by
249. (2) It was expected by Alexander that he would con-                     ̄             ̄             ̄      ̄          ̄
quer the world (Passive)                                              Can        those happy be forgotten        by
250. (2) In Simple Present Tense, Active Voice the                                    moments
structure is as follows :                                           + Ob. (Agent)
Sub. + V1          + Ob1 + Ob2                                              ̄
̄            ̄          ̄             ̄                                    me ?
She      begins       her day with a cup of coffee.                 In Active Voice, the structure will be as follows :
The structure in Passive Voice will be as follows :                 Modal + Sub. (Ob. of Passive)            + V1
Sub. (Ob1 of Active) + is/am/are + V3 +                                 ̄                     ̄                      ̄
̄                 ̄                 ̄                         Can                   I                 forget
Her day             is         begun by her                 + Ob. (Sub. of Passive)
Ob. (Ob2 of Active)                                                      ̄
̄                                                            those happy moments ?
with a cup of coffee.                                        255. (4) Structure of having have to, Active Voice is as
251. (2) Structure of Passive Voice is as follows :                      follows :
Sub. + be V.         + Adj. + when + Pronoun                        Sub. + have to + V1 + Ob.
̄           ̄              ̄              ̄            ̄                ̄           ̄         ̄     ̄
Cacao         is          bitter        when          it            You      have to do this .....
+ be V. + V3                                                        In Passive Voice, the structure will be as follows :
̄        ̄                                                       Sub. (Ob. of Active) + have/has to + be + V3
is     tasted                                                             ̄                     ̄                ̄    ̄
In Active Voice, the structure will be as follows :                         This                  has to          be done
Sub. + V1 +           Adj.                                          + by + Ob. (Sub. of Active)
̄            ̄        ̄                                                  ̄      ̄
Cacao tastes bitter.                                                    by you......
SEE–334