419. (1) All the mangoes will replace All mangoes be-               This sentence means that it was the leopard which
     cause –                                                        was driving down the road.
     when a Prep. is used after a Plural Noun, it becomes           As I was driving down the road, a leopard leapt out in
     definite and hence, the-Def. Art. is used before               front of me. (ü)
     mangoes.                                                 430. (1) to is not used with told.
420. (2) didn’t they turn up will replace they didn’t turn up       The format when told is used is as follows :
     The basic pattern is as follows :                              told + person + what was said
     why + do/does/did not + Subject + Present tense                told (Past Tense of tell) means said to
     form of the Verb                                               Hence, The teacher told will replace The teacher
     Look at the example given below :                              told to
     Why + do + you + want to go there ?                      431. (3) to reading will replace to read
421. (4) No error.                                                            ̄
422. (2) back will not be used with return because                       Gerund
     return (Verb) means come/go back                               Hence, than to reading books is the right usage.
     Hence, have to return is the right usage                 432. (3) hard will replace hardly
423. (2) a hundred – rupee note/hundred rupees will re-             old things die hard means take a long time to change
     place a hundred rupees note                                    or end it (used) in Present Tense.
     A hyphen is used with a numerical element in Adj.        433. (3) for will replace since because –
     Compounds as in –                                              for (Prep.) is used as—for + Period (duration/of/time)
     3 – week vacation ; 2 – day work                               since (Prep.) is used as — since + point (precise mo-
     s is not used at the end of the compound Adj. as in            ment in time)
     — ten – minutes break (×)                                      for means from the beginning of the period to the
     ten – minute break (ü)                                         end of the period as in – for 20 minutes
424. (4) No error                                                   since means from a point in the past until now as
425. (3) for my college will replace to my college as start         in – since morning
     for (Phr. V.) means to begin to move in a particular           Hence, for four hours is the right usage.
     direction                                                434. (3) would have got will replace will get
426. (2) back will not be used with return.                         The sentence format is as follows :
     return (V.) : come/go back                                     If + Past Perfect , would have + Past Participle
     The sentence can also be written thus –                        ̄            ̄                 ̄               ̄
     I will come/go back in five minutes.                       If you had told me, I would have            helped you.
     Hence, will return will replace will return back               Hence, he would get the bus is the right usage.
427. (3) is will replace are because –                        435. (1) Speaker after speaker will replace Speakers after
     when either ___ or (Connectors) are used the Verb              speakers.
     agrees with the nearest Subject.                               When a word is repeated it is always used in Singular.
     Look at the examples given below :                             Look at the example given below :
     Either the father or the mother has to attend                  Day after day has passed and he has not come as yet.
                                 ̄           ̄                  436. (3) filled will replace filled up because –
                             Singular   Singular                    fill (something) : to appoint somebody to a job
     Either Sheela or the girls      are going to prepare           fill up (something) : to become full of something; to
                                ̄       ̄                             make something full of something
                             Plural Plural                          Look at the examples given below :
     dinner tonight.                                                The ditches were filled up with mud.
     Hence, is required is the right usage                          The vacancy has already been filled.
428. (2) saw him will replace have seen him because –               Hence, to be filled is the right usage.
     the sentence indicates a Past event.                     437. (1) the (Def. Art.)
429. (1) It being a rainy day will replace Being a rainy            In this world of ours is the right usage.
     day.                                                           Here, this is used to refer to a situation that is con-
     This is an error related to Unattached Subject/Par-            tinuing to exist/to an event that is continuing to take
     ticiple.                                                       place.
     Participles are used in absolute phrases with a Noun/    438. (3) any other student will replace any student.
     Pronoun going before them.                                     Look at the sentences given beolw :
     A Participle is a Verb – Adj. It should be related to a        No other student is so tall as Ravi. (Positive)
     proper Subject of reference.
                                                                    Ravi is taller than any other student. (Comparative)
     Look at the examples given below :
                                                                    Ravi is the tallest student. (Superlative)
     Driving down the road, a leopard leapt out in front of
                                                                    Hence, any other student in the class is the right
     me. (×)