AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
13. (2) Raise (Verb) means (i) to lift or move something 11. (3) “Take somebody/somet-hing for” means sup-
to a higher level. pose, assume or consider somebody/something to
(ii) to increase the amount or level of something. be somebody/something.
Considering the meaning the word riased conveys So, took for means considered. Hence the answer
in the passage, we can choose suppressed. is (3).
(Page 960, Oxford Advanced 12. (2) Harass (Verb) means trouble and annoy (some-
Learner’s Dictionary) body) continuously.
14. (4) Gigantic (Adjective) means of very great in size For example,
or extent; huge : gigantic mountain ranges. Political dissidents complained of being harassed by
Trivial means very little in size, mundane. the police.
15. (4) Valid (Adjective) means well based or logical; le- In the passage harassed bears the same meaning
gally effective because made or done with the cor- as troubled.
rect procedure; that can be legally used or accepted. - Page 567, Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary
For example, 13. (4) Keen when used as an Adjective means eager
enthusiastie etc. In the passage also keen bears the
A cheque card is not a valid proof of identity.
same meaning. So the answer is (5).
— Page 1319, Oxford Advanced
14. (4) Finally (Adverb) means (i) lastly; in conclusion;
(ii) conclusively; decisively; (iii) at last; eventually.
EXERCISE–2 If we consider the given options and the sense of
1. (4) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (4) 5. (3) the term finally in the passage we should choose
initially as the antonym.
6. (1) 7. (4) 8. (3) 9. (1) 10. (3)
15. (1) Fast is used in the passage as an Adverb which
11. (3) 12. (2) 13. (4) 14. (4) 15. (1)
means speedily. So, slowly is the correct antonym
1. (4) “When he heard about the witch, he did not be- for fast.
lieve that it was one of the witches who ate flesh.
But there was something else about the witch, which
made Dhiru curious”. 1. (4) 2. (4) 3. (3) 4. (2) 5. (4)
This shows that the distinction between the witch
1. (4) Dizzy means feeling as if everything is spinning
and other witches made him curious.
around; unable to balance, confused.
2. (1) Dhiru was keen to solve the mystery. Subsequent
actions of Dhiru were quided by this curiosity. So,
After another glass of whisky I began to feel dizzy.
we can say that Dhiru entered the forest to find out
the truth about the witch. In the passage, the reel of thread feels dizzy as it
is rotating at a very fast rate. We know that if some-
3. (2) “It was the witch who tried to frighten Dhiru and
one rotates speedily, he feels dizziness.
run away.” This shows that, soon after she was
caught, the witch tried to frighten Dhiru and run 2. (4) In the passage, the balance wheel says, “She is
away. stitching a school dress for her daughter who will
be admitted in school tomorrow.” From this state-
4. (4) “But Dhiru was strong and bold enough to hold
ment it becomes clear that the lady is stitching a
the witch fast.” This very sentence clearly indicates
school dress for her daughter.
that it were Dhiru’s courage and strength which
3. (3) “One day this lay"s grandfather came to the shop.
helped him to overpower the witch.
He liked the machine and bought it”. The lady is
5. (3) The important different as per the passage was :
the child"s mother. So we can say that the machine
other witches used to eat flesh; this witch didn’t. was bought by the child"s grandfather.
6. (1) “However, after some time, he really fell asleep.” 4. (2) “We saw the old gentleman die. His children then
The witch came after he had fallen asleep. So, the started quarrelling. Slowly they become poor. The
correct answer is (1). servants were dismissed. Then one by one, the chil-
7. (4) “Therefore, she used to live in th forest, wear- dren went and the house was closed.
ing a fearful mask.” So, we can conclude that the From this part of the passage we find that all the
mask made the widow look frightening. things mentioned in the given options were hap-
8. (3) The author syas, “People resort to different tricks pened except (2).
to make both ends meet”. From this statement we 5. (4) “Li sten my chi ldren”, co ntin ued the old
can decide in favour of option (3). wheel.......”
9. (1) The witch was not really a fearful monster. It Subsequently the old wheel narrates the story of the
was an old widow who took the role of a witch to lady"s ancestors. As none of the options contains old
earn her livelihood. So, the statement (1) is not true. wheel, the answer is (5).
10. (3) feel sympathy for her. qqq