6. Some passage contains the questions about attitude, cedent for taking his message to other countries was to
mood, tone, etc. of the passage. Then look for words that    a certain extent fulfilled. And although the partition has
convey emotion, values and expressions. I think its not      caused wounds and raised problems which claimed all
hard question to give the answer, because any passage        his time and energy, he might have been able to turn his
cannot be concluded by emotions, moods, values, etc.         attention to this larger question even in the midst of his
      7. There can be a question about to give specific de-  distractions. But Providence had ordained otherwise. May
tail of the passage – then spot some keywords in the ques-   some individual or nation arise and carry forward the ef-
tion and look out for those in the passage and may be        fort launched by him till the experiment is completed, the
those words are in the form of synonym or antonym.           work finished and the objective achieved.
      8. Put yourself in place of author and think, you can  1. What effect did partition have on Gandhiji’s time and
apply your ideas according to the passage in the new situ-        energy? His time and energy—
ation. You have to find out three things from the passage,
first reason, second perceive feelings and third sense a          (1) remained unaffected
larger structure.                                                 (2) were wasted a lot
      9. In order to count on unfamiliar words, you have to       (3) had claimed utility
be very keen about the passage saying. Your vocabulary            (4) were not distracted
will be tested here. There are many unfamiliar words you
                                                             2. Gandhiji did not accept invitations to visit foreign
will find in a passage, for that you have to look out for
                                                                  countries because—
the meaning by searching the nearby clues.
      10. Familiarize yourself with the technical terms used      (1) he was not keeping good health
in describing the passage. Some passages are from sci-            (2) he had no time from his busy schedule in India
ence background, so be logical in thinking and organize           (3) he did not like anything which was originated in
and understand what author is saying. May be it will be a             foreign countries
difficult question.
                                                                  (4) he was busy with other important tasks
      Well friends, now that you have learnt all the funda-
                                                             3. Which of the following was a shortcoming in the prac-
mental aspects of how to deal with a comprehension pas-
sage, we are sure that you can do your best in attempt-           tice of Gandhiji’s method?
ing the questions which will be provided along with the           (1) It led to partition
comprehension. Just remember the points stated above              (2) It distracted his attention
and keep cool to answer the questions correctly. Compre-          (3) It was not understood by the foreigners
hension is generally presented as the first question in most
of the one day competitive examinations; however the se-          (4) None of these
quence might vary from Board to Board.                       4. Which of the following statement (s) is/are TRUE re-
      You can also get an input about “Comprehension”, dis-       garding Gandhij’s teaching?
cussed in “Topic-Wise Discussion” in the beginning of the         (A) His teaching was not meant for his country
book.                                                             (B) His teaching has a time-bound applicability.
                                                                  (C) His teaching did not inspire the masses.
EXERCISE–1                                                        (1) Only A                  (2) Only B
    Read the following passage carefully and answer the           (3) Only C                  (4) None of these
questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are          5. Gandhiji emphasized the moral purity of —
printed in bold to help you to locate them while answer-          (1) means only              (2) ends only
ing some of the questions.
                                                                  (3) both means and ends (4) truth alone
    The essence of Gandhiji’s teaching was meant not for
                                                             6. Gandhiji advocated that full self-realization could be
his country or his people alone but for all mankind and
is valid not only for today but for all the time. He wanted       achieved through—
all men to be free so that they could grow unhampered             (1) unrestricted growth which is possible only through
into full self-realisation. He wanted to abolish the exploi-          freedom
tation of man by man in any shape or form because both            (2) unhampered growth attainable through exploita-
exploitation and submission to it are sin not only against            tion
society but against the moral law, the law of our being.          (3) submission to unhampered exploitation
The means to be compatible with this end therefore, he
                                                                  (4) giving inspiring lectures to people in foreign coun-
said have to be purely moral, namely unadulterated truth
and non-violence. He had been invited by many foreign-
ers to visit their countries and deliver his message to      7. Which of the following statements is TRUE in the con-
them directly but he declined to accept such invitations          text of the passage?
as, he said, he must make good what he claimed for ;              (1) Gandhiji wanted to abolish exploitation and encour-
Truth and Ahimsa in his own country before he could                   age submission
launch on the gigantic task of winning or rather converting       (2) Gandhiji wanted every individual to achieve self-
the world. With the attainment of freedom by India, by                realization
following his method, though in a limited way and in spite
                                                                  (3) To Gandhiji, moral purity of means was more im-
of all the imperfections in its practice, the condition pre-
                                                                      portant than moral purity of ends