Direct Narration: They said, “We breathe in oxygen”.           (i) said remains said or can change into explained /
     Indirect Narration: They said that we breathe in oxy-    remarked, etc.
gen.                                                                said to remains said to
     In this sentence, ‘we’ is not changed because, the             said to can also change into told
usage of ‘we’ is made to refer to Universal Truth.                  Remember that –
     (c) If any magazine, newspaper, periodical, etc. uses          (A) ‘Told’ is never used without an Object because
we / our / us, etc. to represent them, then in Indirect       ‘tell’ is a Transitive Verb. Problems are generally created
Narration they are changed to ‘it’ or ‘its’.                  by using ‘told’ without an Object.
     Direct Narration: The Times of India says, “We are the
                                                                    She told that she was depressed.
leader in print media”.
     Indirect Narration: The Times of India says that it is         The usage of ‘told’ in the sentence is wrong, because
leader in print media.                                        there is no Object after it. Instead of ‘told’, ‘said’ should be
     In this sentence, ‘we’ and ‘our’ are gradually changed   used to make the sentence correct.
into ‘it’ and ‘its’.                                                (B) After ‘said’, the usage of Object without ‘to’ is strictly
     (d) If there is no use of Object in the Reporting Verb,  restricted. In context to this, problems are created by
but there is the usage of ‘you’ in the Reported Speech,       straightway using Object after ‘said’.
then this ‘you’ is changed to Third Person or First Person          Example:
as per requirement.                                                 She said me that she liked that designer suit.
     Examples:                                                      In this sentence, ‘to’ should be used after ‘said’. That
     Direct Narration: He said, “You are culprit.”            is, instead of ‘said me’ you should say ‘said to me’ or just
     Indirect Narration: He said that he was guilty.          you can use ‘told’ instead of ‘said’.
     Direct Narration: She said, “You all are culprit.”             (ii) Inverted Commas (“ ”) are removed and ‘that’ is
     Indirect Narration: She said that they all were culprit. used after the Reported Speech.
     Direct Narration: He said, “You are culprit”.                  Example:
     Indirect Narration: He said that I was culprit.                Direct Narration: Shoma said, “I am going to Kolkata”.
     Direct Narration: She said, “You all are culprit”.             Indirect Narration: Shoma said that she was going
     Indirect Narration: She said that we all are culprit.                                                ̄
     5. When Present Tense is changed into Past Tense in
the Reported Speech in Indirect Narration, there are
changes in a few words, the list of which is given below.           to Kolkata.
     Now changes into then                                          (iii) The Tense of the Verb of the Reported Speech is
     Come changes into go (but not always)                    changed as per requirement in the sentence.
     This changes into that                                         Example:
     Today changes into that day (but not always)                   Direct Narration: Anurag said to Reha, “Juhi is punc-
     These changes into those                                 tual”.
     Tonight changes into that night (but not always)               Indirect Narration: Anurag said to Reha that Juhi was
     Here changes into there                                  punctual.
     Tomorrow changes into the next day                                                       Or,
     Hence changes into thence                                      Indirect Narration: Anurag told Reha that Juhi was
     Next day changes into the following day                  punctual.
     Thus changes into so.                                          (iv) Full Stop (.) is used at the end of the sentence.
     Last night changes into the previous night                     Example:
     Ago changes into before                                        Direct Narration: Narayan said to Priya, “I will go and
     Note that, if this / here / now / today / come, etc. are take Roma back”.
used with those things / places / destination, etc. which                          ̄
were there with the Speaker when he was talking to, no                        Full Stop
changes take place.                                                 Indirect Narration: Narayan said to Priya that he will
                                                              go and take Roma back.
     Let us look at a few problems based on this topic.
                                                                                        Full Stop
     The lady said tat she should be away from home to-
morrow as Mita’s friend would come to visit Mumbai.           DIRECT NARRATION OF INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
     In this sentence, instead of ‘tomorrow’ it should be
either ‘the next day’ or ‘on the morrow.’                           Look at the following sentences.
     Again look at these two examples.                              She said to me, “Are you coming with me?”
     Manisha said, “I am responsible for it”.                       He said to me, “Do you go to school?”
     Anurag said to Juhi, “You are punctual”.                       You said to me, “What are you planning to do?”
     Rules                                                          Ranu said to Bhanu, “Why were you late?”