AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
For example, 9. The Adverb enough is always placed after the word
It is raining heavily. The bus is moving slowly. which it modifies.
He speaks Spanish well. She does her work carefully. For example,
2. Adverbs or Adverbial Phrases of place and of time Is the box heavy enough?
like : here, there, everywhere, on the wall etc. and now, He was rash enough to interrupt.
then, yet, to day, next Wednesday respectively are usually He spoke loud enough to be heard.
placed after his verb or after the object if there is one. 10. Only should be placed immediately before the word
For example, it modifies.
He will come here. I searched everywhere. For example,
Put the scenary there. I met her yesterday. I worked only two sums.
They are to be married next week. He has slept only three hours yesterday night.
3. When there are two or more Adverbs after a Verb,
the normal order is — Adverb of Manner, Adverb of Place, SOME IMPORTANT ADVERBS
Adverb of Time.
1. INTRODUCTORY "THERE"
There is an Adverb of Place (Demonstrative Adverb)
She sang well in the concert.
but when the subject of the verb is indefinite, the sen-
We would go there tomorrow evening.
tence is introduced with a there which has no meaning
He spoke earnestly at the meeting last night.
except as a mere introductory word.
4. Adverbs of Frequency like : always, never, often,
rarely, usually, generally, and also some other adverbs
There is no doubt about it.
like : almost, already, hardly, nearly, just, quite etc. are
There were guards at the gate.
normally put between the subject and the verb if the verb
There has been no rain in this month.
consists of only one word; if there is more than one word
There is no denying the fact.
in the verb, they are put after the first word.
There lived a hermit in the wood.
There goes our friend Tom.
His wife never cooks.
There shines the moon in all her glory.
He has never seen a lion.
2. QUITE AND VERY
I have often told her to write neatly.
The adverb quite means completely, perfectly and is
We usually have dinner at nine.
not used in the sense of very except with past participles.
My cousin has just gone out.
I quite agree with you.
I am quite (very) tired.
5. If the Verb is am/are/is/wFor example, these Ad-
This road is very (not quite) dangerous.
verbs are placed after the Verb.
3. TOO AND VERY
Too means beyond proper limit and it should not be
I am never late for school.
used unless any limit is intended though the limit may be
He is always at home on holidays.
We are just off from work.
6. The Adverbs : always, already, usually, sometimes
This glass is too small (for my purpose).
etc. are usually put before an auxiliary or the single verb
I missed the train as I started
be, when it is stressed.
too late (to catch the train).
The limit is often expressed by an explanatory phrase
"Veenu has come late again."
with to or for.
"Yes, she always does come late."
"When will you write the letter?"
James was too busy to come here.
"But I already have written it."
Stephen was too strong for his opponent.
"Will you be free on Sundays?"
Too is often confused with very by many who forget
"I usually am free on Sundays."
the necessary element of limit in the former.
"Do you eat meat?"
"Yes, I sometimes do."
It is very hot today (not too hot).
7. The auxilliaries have to and used to prefer the ad-
It is too hot to walk out (not very hot).
verb in front of them.
4. VERY AND MUCH
(i) Very qualifies present participles as well as Adjec-
I often have to go to school on foot.
tives in the Positive Degree.
He always used to agree with me.
8. When an adverb modifies an adjectives or another
This book is very interesting.
adverb, the adverb usually comes before it.
You are very fat.
(ii) Much qualifies past participles as well as Adjec-
Sham is a rather lazy boy.
tives and Adverbs in the Comparative Degree.
The cat was quite dead. For example,
The picture is very interesting. I am much indebted to you.
Do not speak so fast. My lot is much harder than yours.