AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
(ii) The Definite Numerals are again divided into two For example,
classes: You can choose either party (one party or the other)
(a) Adjectives of Number which show how many are Either side scored a goal (each of the two sides)
called Cardinals and, Neither is the negative form of either and means
(b) Those which show in what order a person or thing neither the one nor the other.
stands, are called Ordinals. For example,
One, two, three, four, five etc. —(Cardinals) Neither party won the game.
First, second, third, fourth, fifth etc. — (Ordinals) Neither of the two girls is lazy.
For example, But,
I have two hands. Neither of the three boys is intelligent.—wrong
Wednesday is the fourth day of the week. None of the three boys is intelligent. —correct
(iii) The same adjective may be an Adjective of Number or (For example, Neither is used with two).
an Adjective of Quantity according to sense.
(6) EMPHASIZING ADJECTIVE
Adjectives used with Nouns for the sake of emphasis,
are called Emphasizing Adjectives.
I lost some books. I drank some milk.
More boys are wanted I want more milk.
I saw this very book.
for the job
(iv) Many followed immediately by a/an takes a singular ̄
noun and a singular verb, but if preceded by a with Emphasizing
great or good following, it takes a plural verb, Adj.
(7) INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE
Many a man was present there.
The Interrogative Pronouns what, which and whose,
A great many boys were present there.
if used with Nouns in asking questions are called
(4) DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE Interrogative Adjectives.
Demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or For example,
thing is meant. What kind of manner is this?
For example, What manner of man is he ?
This book is mine that book is yours.
(8) POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE
These trees are tall, those trees are short.
Adjectives formed from Pronouns in the Genitive
This boy is stronger than Jay.
(Possessive) case are called Possessive Adjectives.
That boy is laborious.
For example, My, your, his, her, its and their.
These mangoes are sweet.
Note :A demonstrative adjective and the noun qualified by
it, must be of the same number. My mother is coming.
For example, Your time is up.
This kind of book is rare (Not these kind) (9) PROPER ADJECTIVE
(5) DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE Proper adjectives are formed from Proper Nouns
The Indefinite Numeral Adjectives- each, every, either For example,
and neither when used with Nouns to show that persons Proper noun Proper adjective
or things are taken separately, either one at a time or India Indian
several at a time in separate lots, are called Distributive China Chinese
adjectives. Japan Japanese
(i) Each and Every
(10) RELATIVE ADJECTIVE
Each may be used both as pronoun and adjective but,
every is used only as an adjective. The Relative Pronouns which and what when used as
Adjectives, are called Relative Adjectives.
Each is used with two or more than two things but,
every is used with more than two things. For example,
For example, I gathered what information I could.
Each pen costs a shilling. I was ill, which fact caused my absence.
or, Each of the pens costs a shilling. (11) EXCLAMATORY ADJECTIVE
Every pen cost a penny. What nonsense !
Everyone of the ten boys is industrious. What a pity !
(ii) Either and Neither What an idea !
Either means: What in the sentences above is used as an exclamatory
(a) one of two adjective.
or, (b) each of two (i.e. both)
(What and what a/what aware used in exclamations.)