AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
6. POSSESSIVE PRONOUN 9. NOUNS DENOTING NUMBER OR AMOUNT
Our, your, her, their etc. are called possessive adjectives. (a) Indefinite Pronoun
And, The Indefinite Pronoun are those that have no actual
Mine, thine, hers, ours, yours and theirs etc. are called relationship with a Noun in their own or a neighbouring
possessive pronouns. sentence, but which stand generally for a Noun.
Note : Noun is not used after possessive pronoun. Ex. : one, none, some, all, any, many, both etc.
For example, For example,
Your watch is new but mine watch is old. One should be careful of one"s
— wrong health (= any man and every man)
Your watch is new but mine is old. — correct One cannot be too careful of one"s purse.
Her pen is unique but mine pen is ordinary. (not his)
None was allowed to get in.
Her pen is unique but mine is ordinary. — correct
None of his answers are correct.
Use of Possessive Pronouns
(1) When a verb comes in between a Noun and a Any and all are used in both numbers.
pronoun. For example,
For example, Do (or does) any of your know him?
Yours is the gain, mine the loss. Any of these is (or are) long enough.
(2) When the Noun is understood. All that glitters is not gold.
For example, All of us are ready.
I have got my pen, where is yours? Both, some, many and few are plural.
[Yours = your pen]
(3) When the pronoun is preceded by of.
Both of them were absent.
This book of mine was stolen. Some of my friends are here.
7. RECIPROCAL PRONOUN Few were chosen and many were dismissed.
Reciprocal Pronoun includes : (b) Distributive Pronoun
Each other Each, everyone, either and neither are Distributive
and one another Pronouns, as they separate are person or thing from a
Each other is used for two, while group of persons or things : they always take singular
One another is used for more than two. verbs while other pronouns referring to them must also
For example, be singular.
The two boys love each other. For example,
̄ ̄ Each of them was a scholar.
two each other Everyone of them was busy.
The five girls hate one another. Either of the two boys was required but neither of
̄ ̄ them was ready.
five one another For example,
But, now-a-days, both each other and one another are Let each of us go there in our turn. — wrong
used for two or more than two. Let each of us go there in his turn. — correct
For example, Everyone of them have separate room to sleep.
The six boys love each other. — correct — wrong
The two girls hate one another. — correct Everyone of them has a separate room to sleep
8. UNIVERSAL PRONOUN in. — correct
(1) Universal Pronoun includes anybody, somebody,
nobody, everybody, someone, everyone etc. which
indicate singular nouns.
For example, An Adjective is a describing word that adds something
Anybody has helped him. to the meaning of a Noun.
Somebody opposes him. For example,
Everybody loves song. Harish is a clever boy.
Nobody knows God.
(2) Universal Pronoun also includes all, both, some,
many etc. which indicate plural nouns. Adjective
For example, Here, clever shows what kind of boy Harish is; or,
All are lazy here. we may say, clever describes the boy—Harish.
Both have done their job. I do not like that girl.
Some have required. ̄
Many were there. Adjective