AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
1. PERSONAL PRONOUN (8) It is used to give emphasis to the Noun or pronoun
Personal Pronoun includes — We, I, She, He, It, They, following.
You, Thou, Thee etc. They all stand for three Persons, For example,
i.e., It is a silly fish that is caught twice with the
(i) the person speaking same bait.
(ii) the person spoken to It was you who began the quarrel.
(iii) the person spoken of It is an ill wind that blows for nobody good.
We and I are used for First Person. He, she and it are It was at Versailles that the treaty was made.
used for Third Person while you, thou and thee are used It was I who first protested.
for Second Person. Thou and thee are out of use now.
They can be used for mankind, animal, bird, non-living in FORMS OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Plural. The three difference forms of Personal Pronouns are:
They are boys. mankind First Person
They are tables. non-livings Singular Plural
They are dogs. animals Nominative I We
Use of Pronoun It Possessive my, mine our, ours
(1) It is used for time and weather. Accusative me us
For example, Second Person
It is fine. It is winter. Singular Plural
It is ten o"clock. It is morning. Nominative thou you
It is July. It was Monday. Possessive thy, thine your, yours
It is ten p.m. Accusative thee you
(2) It is used for things without life. Third Person
For example, Singular Plural
Here is your book take it away. Masculine Fermine Neuter All Genders
(3) It is used for a young child, unless we clearly wish Nominative he she it they
to refer to the sex. Possessive his her, hers its their, theirs
For example, Accusative him her it them
It is a baby.
It is an infant. 2. REFLEXIVE PRONOUN
When I saw the child it was crying. Reflexive Pronouns are formed by adding - self to
The baby has torn its clothes. Personal Pronouns of the Singular Number and - selves to
Personal Pronouns of the Plural Number.
Who is it at the gate?
Myself — I hurt myself.
[When referred to mankind if its sex is unknown]
Yourself — You will hurt yourself.
(4) It is used for animal, bird and non-living.
Himself — He hurt himself.
Herself — She hurt herself.
It is an ox.
Itself — The horse hurt itself.
It is a crow.
Ourselves — We hurt ourselves.
It is a chair.
Yourselves — You will hurt yourselves.
(5) It is used to refer to some statement going before.
Themselves — They hurt themselves.
He is telling what is not true; as he knows it. Use of Reflexive Pronouns
He deserved his punishment; as he knew it. (1) Reflexive Pronoun is used when the doer accents on
(6) It is used for natural incidents. his action or skill.
For example, For example,
It is raining. I shall myself do this work.
It is thundering. We will ourselves solve this problem.
It was an earthquake. (2) We use reflexive pronoun if the doer has to face both
It snows. action and result.
(7) It is used as a provisional and temporary subject For example,
before the verb to be when the real subject follows. She cut her finger herself.
For example, I cook myself at present.
It is easy to find fault. (3) After these words, we generally use reflexive
It is doubtful whether he will come. pronoun :
It is certain that you are wrong. Avoid, avail, pride, enjoy, absent etc.