AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
Apples are sold at sixty rupees a kg. USE OF ‘AN’
1. Vowel starting nouns or words take An before them.
6. To show the whole class of common noun we can
Siddharth is intelligent boy. —wrong
use ‘A’ before a common noun.
Siddharth is an intelligent boy. —correct
The President made appeal for the poor. —wrong
A bird has two wings.
The President made an appeal for the poor.
A monkey have a tail.
i.e. All birds have two wings.
2. An is used before some H starting words in which
All monkeys have a tail. H is not pronunciated.
But, common noun like Man and Woman do not For example,
follow the above rule. An honest man An hour
For example, An heir An honourable person
A man is moral. —wrong An homage to the dead
Man is moral. —correct 3. If H, L, M, N, F, R, S, X, are the first letters of
7. Sometimes at the place of ‘an’ we can use article ‘A’ abbreviations, we use An before them.
For example, For example,
Sita was seen a bed. An M.A. An L.L.B. Student
̄ An F.R.C.S. girl An N.C.C. team
on An H.S. school An x-ray clinic
Kumar went a hunting.
THE OMISSION OF INDEFINITE ARTICLES
̄ 1. Indefinite articles can not be practiced two times
on for the same noun in the same sentence.
8. If we put article ‘A’ before plural number the For example,
forthcoming noun becomes singular.
Vivekanand was a saint and a hero. —wrong
Vivekanand was a saint and hero. —correct
A five day match.
A ten mile walk.
Vivekanand was both a saint and a hero.—correct
A fifteen man committee.
Sameer is neither a poet nor a writer. —correct
Anand is either a poet or a singer. —correct
Five days match.
Rupali is not only a philosopher but also a critic.
Ten miles walk.
Fifteen men committee.
2. Indefinite article should not be used before the
9. ‘A‘ is used before these words because they have
the sound of consonant in their first letters. name of meals.
For example, For example,
A university. A union. Robin was present at a dinner. —wrong
A unique film. A European. Robin was present at dinner. —correct
A one-rupee note. A one-eyed person. But,
A one-act play. A one-sided decision. It was tasteful dinner. —wrong
10. If noun is placed after such, quite, rather, how It was a tasteful dinner. —correct
etc., we use ‘A’ before that noun. That was very nice break fast. —wrong
For example, That was a very nice break fast. —correct
I have never seen such girl in my life. So, in the case of adjective indefinite article must be
I have never seen such a girl in my life. 3. A or An should not be used before material noun.
—correct For example,
Roma is quite dull girl. —wrong It is a glass so it can be broken easily. —wrong
Roma is quite a dull girl. —correct ̄
11. If these words are used in singular, we use ‘A’ lead
before them. It is glass so it can be broken easily. —correct
Noise, Lie, Hole, Headache etc. It is a paper you should write on it. —wrong
For example, It is paper you should write on it. —correct
The pupil makes noise in the class. —wrong But,
The pupil makes a noise in the class. Bring glass of water. —wrong
—correct Bring a glass of water. —correct
Joydeb always tells lie. —wrong I read newspaper. —wrong
Joydeb always tells a lie. —correct I read a news paper. —correct