AN INTRODUCTION TO ENGLISH GRAMMAR & LANGUAGE
20. If who / which / that is used in the form of a (i) A or An is called the Indefinite Article because it
relative pronoun, then the verb to follow depends on the leaves indefinite the person or thing spoken of.
number and person of its antecedent. For example,
Examples: A boy means any boy.
I, who am a doctor, practice here. A teacher means any teacher.
USE OF ‘A’
̄ ̄ 1. If consonant is the first letter of a countable singular
Relative Pronoun Sing. Verb common noun, we use ‘A’ before it.
The men who are present here did not vote. For example,
̄ ̄ Sakshi has book —wrong
Relative pronoun Plural verb Sakshi has a book —correct
I met girl there —wrong
Look at the example below.
I met a girl there —correct
One of the problems / which was discussed / in the 2. ‘A’ is used before some indefinite numbers.
(A) (B) For example,
conference / was raised by him. / No error a lot of a number of
(C) (D) (E) a great deal of a half of
In this sentence (in Part B), ‘was’ should be replaced a large number of
by ‘were’; because, ‘which’ is a relative pronoun and its a quarter of
antecedent ‘the problems’ is plural. So accordingly, the verb 3. ‘A’ can be used before some indefinite collective
will also be a plural one. numbers.
21. If certain expressions like unfulfilled wish / condi-
a team of a gang of
tion / desire in the present state is to be brought into ex-
a flock of a herd of
pression – with the use of if / as if / as though / I wish /
a swarm of a panel of
it is time / it is high time, etc. along with which ‘to be’ is
a bunch of
used, then only its ‘were’ form is used provided whatever
4. If an adjective is followed by a singular noun, we
be the number and person of the subject.
use ‘A’ before that adjective.
Example: For example,
I wish I were an angel. Madhuri is beautiful girl —wrong
̄ ̄ Madhuri is a beautiful girl —correct
Unfulfilled wish Plural verb ̄ ̄
Look at the example below.
If I was you / I would have requested / the workers / Reema has a good health —wrong
(A) (B) (C) Reema has good health —correct
to complete / the work today itself. / No error. ̄ ̄
(D) (E) Adjective Adjective
In this sentence (in Part A), ‘were’ should be used in For example,
place of ‘was’; because, in the present state to denote un- whenever a noun is not used after Adjective we
fulfilled wish / condition / desire, etc. – with if / as if / as do not use article before it.
though / I wish / it is time / it is high time, etc. ‘to be’ is For example,
used, then its ‘were’ form is only used. A proper respect
22. If two pronouns are joined with and, then it takes ̄ ̄
a plural verb. Adjective Adjective
Examples: A proper respect
I and he are liable. ̄ ̄
̄ ̄ ̄ Adjective Adjective
Pnonoun Pronoun Plural verb In a fit
You and she have climbed the tree. ̄
̄ ̄ ̄ Adjective
Pronoun Pronoun Plural verb In a temper
The above examples are all correct.
‘‘An article is a word or a letter which is used before
5. ‘A’ is used at the place of ‘per’.
noun and tells about the certainty of that noun’’.
Petrol is sold at Rs. twenty-five a litre.
There are two kinds of articles :
(i) Indefinite articles..................................A/An ̄
(ii) Definite article....................................The per